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Ontario Hydro privatization, deregulation of electricity in Ontario, electricity rates, and hydro electricity contracts. What does it all mean?


Note: Effective May 1, 2015, the Ontario Energy Board has raised the price of electricity for residential consumers to 16.1 cents per kilowatt hour, (up from 14 cents), between 11 a.m and 5 p.m., weekdays. "Mid-peak" rates climb to 12.2 kWh (from 11.4) for the hours of 7 a.m. to 11 a.m. and 5 p.m. to 7 p.m. on weekdays. Off-peak rates rise to 8 cents/kWh (from 7 cents/kWh) for 7 p.m. to 7 a.m. weekdays, weekends and holidays.

In 2003, the rate for electricity was a 4.3 cents/kWh flat rate regardless of the time of day. The peak hour electricity rates have increased by 274.4% over the past 12 years (an average compounded yearly increase of 11.63% since 2003), mid-peak hours by 183.7% (avg. yearly increase 9.08%), and off-peak rates by 86.0% (avg. yearly increase of 5.31%). During those 12 years, (based upon the Bank of Canada Inflation Calculator), the cost of goods in general, (ie. inflation), rose by a total of 22.5%, or an average yearly increase of only 1.71%.

That plus all sorts of other fees on top of this which have also since gone up, plus the new green energy surcharge, the hydro debt retirement surchage. And starting back on July 1, 2010, the Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) added another 8% to your energy bills (with that 8% going to the Province of Ontario) added on top of all the other increases and new fees.

Also the "clean energy benefit", the temporary 10% rebate the Ontario government brought in to dull the impact of skyrocketing prices, (some say to buy votes,) will be ending January 1, 2016, which will lead to a further 11.1% increase (100% paid next year/90% paid now), in your bills next year.


Tenants, you are paying for utilities such as your water, electricity (hydro) and natural gas (usually for your heating) whether you know it or not. These are a part of your rent except for some people who pay for their electricity directly to the "hydro" company.

Here is the full version of a letter I wrote, on Ontario Hydro price hikes, tenants and electric heating bills, written in December 2001, that was printed in a couple of newspapers.

Here are my household electricity savings tips for tenants.

My power blackout tips for tenants.



Tenants be extremely cautious before signing any electricity contracts


To understand about sending a complaint to the Ontario Energy Board click Steps for Making a Complaint, and no longer allow complaints by e-mail, instead you must use their OEB Online Complaint Form. The Ontario Energy Board, is the regulator of Ontario's electricity and natural gas industries.

Ontario Hydro joins sales rush, Toronto Star article, Saturday, May 19, 2001, by John Spears.This is the first report that ever exposed this issue of unscrupulous door-to-door hydro salesmen in Ontario. As you will read, it was I who filed the complaint. That is why this was one of the first issues outside of tenants' rights covered by this web site.

Hydro sales firms fined $56,500 for false practices, by Joan Walters, Hamilton Spectator, April 27, 2002

Beware fixed-price hydro contracts, Canadian Press, December 18, 2002

Direct Energy and Ontario Energy Savings Corp fined over contract forgeries, Toronto Star, June 21, 2003

Why Hydro customers must pay for power they don't use, The Kingston Whig Standard July 2, 2003

Ontario Energy Board lays out new rules for Hydro security deposits, CP, February 3, 2004

London Hydro to repay $3.5M. New rules will force it to give back security deposits, London Free Press, Feb. 11, 2004

Direct energy seller still up to old tricks, Toronto Star, Feb 6, 2010

Summit Energy faces penalty for false statements, Toronto Sun, June 19, 2010

Beware travelling "energy retailers", Toronto Sun July 30, 2010

Woodstock Hydro president warns customers of fake employees, Woodstock Sentinel-Review, September 17, 2010

Toronto Hydro warning customers of new phone scam , Yahoo Finance, August 28, 2014


View a graph of Ontario electricity costs from the Independent Electricity System Operator IESO, information on Ontario Power Demand Charts, and the Current Supply Mix..

Utility Regulator and Company web sites (remember these all supported the deregulation)
Ontario Energy Board - Government of Ont. Independent Electricity System Operator - IESO Hydro One
Ontario Power Generation - OPG Brantford Power Cambridge and North Dumfries Hydro
Entegrus (formerly Chatham Kent Energy) Direct Energy Enbridge (Natural) Gas
Enersource (Mississauga) EnWin (Windsor) Fortis Ontario
Guelph Hydro Horizon Utilities (Hamilton/St. Catharines) Hydro One
Hydro Ottawa London Hydro
Milton Hydro Newmarket Hydro Niagara Peninsula Energy
Niagara On The Lake Hydro North Bay Hydro Oakville Hydro
Oshawa Power Power Stream
(Aurora, Markham, Richmond Hill, Vaughan)
Toronto Hydro
Utilities Kingston Veridian Waterloo North Hydro

Ontario Hydro Electricity articles and report


Stop the Privatization of Hydro One petition.

Smart Metering Initiative - Auditor General of Ontario , Ontario Auditor General's Report, December 2014, (0.7Mb Adobe pdf file)

Guidelines for Smart Grid Cybersecurity , National Institute for Standards and Technology, U.S. Department of Commerce, September 2014 (11Mb Adobe pdf file)

Reponse of Toronto Hydro-Electric System to the December 2013, Ice Storm, Toronto Hydro, June 19, 2014. (6Mb Adobe pdf file.)

Ontario Made-Full Report , Mowat Centre, February 25, 2014 report on the loss of 300,000 jobs in Ontario. It includes how much higher electricity prices are part of the reason for this loss.

Installation of Smart-Metering Systems in Residential Complexes, Ontario Energy Board, March 24/09

Its Greed Stupid! Debunking the Ten Myths of Utility Dereguation by Public Citizen, January 30, 2001, a U.S. publication


CUPE argues sale will lead to higher rates, less than 40 per cent ownership , Bayshore Broadcasting, May 16, 2015

Ontario industries hammered by energy costs , Toronto sun, May 16, 2015

Ontario Liberals blacking out Adam Beck's energy legacy , Toronto Sun, May 16, 2015

Ontario watchdogs slam Wynne’s Hydro One sale , Toronto Star, may 14, 2015

Editorial: Where’s Wynne on rising hydro rates? , Toronto Sun, May 14, 2015

Hydro protesters descend on Queen's Park , Toronto Sun, May 13, 2015

Energy minister says hydro problems are being addressed , St. Lawrence News, May 13, 2015

Ontario Hydro Rates Most Expensive and Disastrous for Ontarians , Toronto Free Press, May 13, 2015

Provincial watchdogs being marginalized , Toronto Sun, May 12, 2015

Councillors call on province to stop privatization plan , Brantford Expositor, May 12, 2015

Hydro One privatization will hurt schools , Guelph Mercury, May 12, 2015

Hydro One sale a bad idea: Former TD chief economist and Secretary of State for Finance , Digital Journal, May 12, 2015

(Ottawa Mayor) Watson wants Hydro One rate cut , Ottawa Community News, May 8, 2015

Horwath blasts Hydro One sale at Brampton town hall , Brampton Guardian, May 8, 2015

Letter: Sell-off not in taxpayers’ interest , Hamilton Spectator, May 8, 2015

(Energy Minister) Chiarelli charade has gone on long enough , Almaguin News, May 7, 2015

Hydro One share deal casts doubts on Wynne’s Ontario labour-costs promise , Globe and Mail, May 6, 2015

Ontario Liberals take heat for offering Hydro One shares in labour settlement , Globe and Mail, May 5, 2015

Shambles…Energy Professor Declares Germany Energiewende "A Failure", "Population Left Disillusioned"! , No Tricks Zone, May 5, 2015

NDP accuse Ontario Liberals of contempt , Inside Halton, May 5, 2015

Renewable energy all but guarantees higher electricity bills , Kitchener Waterloo Record, May 4, 2015

Wynne’s green scheme could deal massive blow to Ontario and Canada , Globe and Mail, May 3, 2015

Deal with power workers raises warning signs: Editorial , Toronto Star, May 3, 2015

Wynne’s green scheme could deal massive blow to Ontario and Canada , Globe and Mail, May 3, 2015

Horwath urges Ontarians to turn lights out on hydro sale , Kingston Whig-Standard, May 3, 2015

Implications of Hydro One sale , The (Thunder Bay) Chronical Journal, May 2, 2015

Paying a price for selling off Hydro One , Toronto Star, May 2, 2015

TCHC board orders review of unequal hydro bills , Toronto Star, May 1, 2015

Ontario to give power workers shares in privatized Hydro One , Globe and Mail, May 1, 2015

‘Big money deal’ between Hydro One and union includes pension concessions, stock , Financial Post, May 1, 2015

Buying Peace with YOUR Money! , Talk Radio AM640, May 1, 2015

Trudeau advisor Gerald Butts' "green" energy policies cost Ontario 300,000 jobs -- admits liberal think tank , Rebel Media, April 30, 2015

Majority of people in Ontario against Hydro One sale , Newstalk 1010AM, April 30, 2015

Hydro too important, (Letter) , Huntsville Forester, April 30, 2015

The slippery road of privatization , Recorder and Times, April 30, 2015

Goldman, Barclays, RBC Said Asked to Pitch Hydro One IPO , Bloomberg News, April 30, 2015

Proposed Hydro One privatization eerily similar to Nova Scotia Power sell-off , NUPGE, April 30, 2015

Hydro costs too high , Kitchener-Waterloo Record, April 29, 2015

City wants Ottawa's Hydro One customers transferred to Hydro Ottawa , CBC, April 29, 2015

Selling Hydro One: Wynne's betrayal of public interest , Hamilton Spectator, April 29, 2015

Ontario electricity costs ‘breaking’ province’s manufacturing sector , Windsor Star, April 28, 2015

Hydro One sell-off sacrifices customers , Hamilton Spectator, April 28, 2015

Hydro One sale plan not good for taxpayers , Hamilton Spectator, April 28, 2015

Ontario spent $6.8-million on consultants for Hydro One, beer changes , Globe and Mail, April 28, 2015

In selling a chunk of Hydro One, Wynne is forgetting Ontario’s history , Globe and Mail, April 27, 2015

Ontario government accused of misleading public about plans to sell off Hydro One , Canadian Press, April 27, 2015

Ontario's hydro situation getting worse: Expert , Toronto Sun, April 25, 2015

Premier Wynne and her climate change minister are relying on rhetoric, rather than evidence, to defend cap-and-trade , Toronto Sun, April 25, 2015

20-year (windmill) power purchase agreement signed with IESO , Chatham Daily News, April 21, 2015

Ontario's Hydro One sale will raise your electricity rates , CBC, April 20, 2015

Liberals responsible for own track record , Hamilton Spectator, April 20, 2015

Ontario beer sideshow distracts from Hydro One sell-off: Walkom , Toronto Star, April 17, 2015

Premier Wynne Must Engage with First Nations on Hydro One Sale: Chief Isadore Day , net News Ledger, Anishinabek, April, 19, 2015

Manufacturing carbon hobgoblins , Financial Post, April 14, 2015

Ontario’s greenhouse gas plan: Is this Green Energy Act, Round II? , Globe and Mail, April 13, 2015

Wynne unveils Ontario's plan to sign cap-and-trade deal , Toronto Sun, April 13, 2015

Blind River taxpayers chew out council about $50M green energy loan , CBC, April 10, 2015

Wynne signs on to cap-and-trade fiasco , Toronto Sun, April 9, 2015

Ontario Liberals' gas-plants scandal: Everything you need to know , Globe and Mail, April 1, 2015

Where’s the logic in Ontario’s power play? , Globe and Mail, March 16, 2015

Privatizing Hydro One risks losing oversight , Toronto Sun, March 11, 2015

The real lessons of Ontario’s gas plants fiasco: Editorial , Toronto Star, February 20, 2015

A brief history of the not-so-brief Ontario gas plants scandal , National Post, February 17, 2015

Ontario police scouring for more gas plant documents , Torstar News Service, February 7, 2015

Toronto Hydro reminds pedestrians and pet owners to be cautious around electrical equipment this winter , Press Release, February 2, 2015

Europe’s carbon-trading market was supposed to be a solution to global warming , Foreign Policy, January 30, 2015

Smart meters, another botched program on Ontario’s long list of power boondoggles , National Post, January 14, 2015

Smart meters not living up to their billing , Hamilton Spectator, January 5, 2015

Ontario Liberals to pay back $10,000 in relation to gas plant scandal. Just $999.99-million to go , National Post, December 31, 2014

Green energy program flawed, costly , Niagara This Week, December 25, 2014

Smart meters, stupid Liberals , Toronto Sun, December 20, 2014

Liberals should bring back gas plant committee: NDP, PCs , Toronto Sun, Decmeber 19, 2014

Ontario Liberals paid $10,000 to have gas plant data erased: OPP , CBC, December 18, 2014

OPP raided government offices in Ontario gas plants investigation , Globe and Mail, December 11, 2014

Ontarians paying billions extra for electricity, auditor general finds , The Canadian Press, December 9, 2014

Few benefits from $2 billion smart meter program, auditor says , Toronto Star, December 9, 2014

Smart meters have few benefits for big costs: AG report , Toronto Star, December 9, 2014

Electricity, meat prices help push inflation rate to 2.4% , The Canadian Press, November 21, 2014

Greg Sorbara dismisses 'myth' of gas plant scandal , CBC News, November 5, 2014, a bit more of now former Liberal Finance MinisterGreg Sorbara

Wynne’s Liberals zap us on green energy , Toronto Sun, November 1, 2014

Hydro One still looking at acquisitions , Toronto Star, October 22, 2014

Ontario Gas Plant Scandal: Liberals Accused Of Blocking Witnesses At Committee , Canadian Press, October 21, 2014

Importing power not the answer for Ontario, study says , Toronto Star, October 14, 2014

Ontario's energy minister Bob Chiarelli has talked to Quebec and Manitoba about increased hydro power imports , Toronto Star, August 26, 2014

How green energy is fleecing Ontario electricity consumers , Financial Post, October 29, 2014

Germany issues warrants for two in $171 mln CO2 trading fraud probe , Reuters, September 30, 2014

Smart meters linked to 13 fires in Ontario, Fire Marshal says , Canadian Press, Aug 8, 2014

Highrises need backup generators, says ice storm panel , Toronto Star, June 18, 2014

Gas plant scandal: We kept few records, McGuinty tells OPP , CBC News, June 13, 2014

McGuinty government changed green energy rules to benefit Liberal-linked firms, court filing charges , National Post, June 8, 2014

$1.1-billion gas plants scandal was the result of politically corrupt choices by the Liberals , Toronto Sun, June 7, 2014

Liberal wind scam , Toronto Sun, May 31, 2014

Ontario election: Liberals under fire for energy policies , Toronto Star, May 12, 2014

Alleged plan to cover up Ontario gas plant scandal was ‘criminally stupid,’ top bureaucrat tells committee , National Post, April 16, 2014

Ontario’s gas plant scandal will dog Kathleen Wynne: Editorial , Toronto Star, March 27, 2014

Timeline: Ontario's gas plant cancellation scandal , CTV News, March 27, 2014

Power price pressure will ease, says Chiarelli , Toronto Star, February 27, 2014

Hydro One is sending its 1.1 million customers a letter apologizing for sloppy billing and poor customer service , Toronto Star, February 26, 2014

Province’s industries pay highest electricity rates in North America , Toronto Star, February 26, 2014

Hydro rates: Time of use rates haven’t spurred conservation, study finds , Toronto Star, January 3, 2014

Hydro fee hits record high. The biggest single component in your hydro bill has hit a record high , Toronto Star, December 13, 2013

Ontario Liberals scrap local content rules for green energy , Toronto Star, December 12, 2013

Cancelled Oakville gas plant will increase hydro bills $2 a year: OPA , The Canadian Press, December 5, 2013

Control your own hydro bill, says energy minister , Toronto Star, November 27, 2013

Smart meters not so clever about privacy, researchers find , Network World, November 5, 2012

Ontario's cancelled gas plants cost could exceed earlier $1.1-billion estimate , Globe and Mail, October 22, 2013

Cancellation of Ontario gas plants to blame for upcoming hike in off-peak electricity rates, opposition says , The Canadian Press, October 19, 2013

Hydro bills to rise as off-peak power rates jump sharply , Toronto Star, October 17, 2013

If not new nuclear plants, what’s Ontario plan? , Toronto Star, October 10, 2013

Ontario Liberals’ gas-plant cancellations cost $1-billion: auditor , Globe and Mail, October 8, 2013

Power plant cancellations could cost $1.1B: Auditor general , Toronto Star, October 8, 2013

Ontario power fee sets new record , Toronto Star, September 3, 2013

Ontario’s power policies an example of what not to do , Globe and Mail, August 18, 2013

Smart meter, dumb hydro bill , Toronto Star, July 29, 2013

Green energy job claims are a farce , Toronto Sun, June 26, 2013

Toronto Hydro using workers in India , Toronto Star, June 6, 2013

Wind turbines have reduced property values, court says , Toronto Star, April 23, 2013

Hydro One buys Norfolk Hydro for $93 million , Toronto Star, April 3, 2013

Smart-meter charge coming to Ontario hydro bills , Toronto Star, March 28, 2013

New Niagara hydro tunnel finally opens , Toronto Star, March 21, 2013

Surplus wind power could cost Ontario ratepayers up to $200 million: IESO , Toronto Star, February 26, 2013

TransCanada reports it got $250 million for Oakville plant cancellation , Toronto Star, February, 12, 2013

Deutsche Bank offices raided in carbon tax fraud probe , BBC, 12 December, 2012

European energy lessons for Dalton McGuinty , National Post, February 22, 2012

Don’t understand hydro? Don’t worry. Just pay up. , Toronto Star, December 06, 2011

Privacy on the Smart Grid Are smart meters spies? , IEEE Spectrum, October 5, 2010

McGuinty won't apologize for hydro hike, Toronto Sun, September 24, 2010

Zap! Your hydro bill's going up, Toronto Sun, September 23, 2010

Energy ad campaign all charged up, Toronto Sun, September 23, 2010

Another sneaky hydro hike, Toronto Sun, September 23, 2010

Smart meters, dumb sourcing, Letters to the Editor, Toronto Star, September 19, 2010

Dalton McGuinty's shocking admission, Editorial, Toronto Sun September 18, 2010

McGuinty won't rule out higher daytime hydro rates, Toronto Star September 15, 2010

Hydro's smart meters give dumb results, Globe and Mail September 14, 2010

Electric rates will soar for five years, Toronto Star September 1, 2010

Smart meters $1 billion price tag to skyrocket, says NDP, Toronto Star August 23, 2010

Province short-circuited process, critic says, Toronto Sun July 29, 2010

Hydro utilities warn of price shock, Toronto Star, July 28, 2010

Ontario asset sale could raise up to $12 billion, Toronto Star, June 19, 2010

Smart grid data must be protected: Privacy czar, Toronto Star, May 12, 2010

Let's bring back meter readings on time-of-use hydro bills, by Ellen Roseman, Toronto Star, May 12, 2010

Tax officers arrest 22 in UK carbon (credits) fraud probe , Telegraph, (UK) 30 April, 2010

Consumers group calls Ontario hydro levy illegal, Toronto Star, April 27, 2010

Ontario slaps new 'green' tax on electricity bills, Toronto Star, March 20, 2010

No payoff in off-peak power conservation, Toronto Star, March 14, 2010

(Ontario government) HST will zap households an extra $225 for gas, hydro, Toronto Sun, Feb 23, 2010

Smart grid could turn appliances into spies, experts warn, CBC, Feb 19, 2010

Your smart meter is watching, Toronto Star, November 17, 2009

Renters wary of smart meters, Toronto Star, June 17/08

Nuclear selloff in works, Toronto Star, July 6/07

Industry caught in carbon ‘smokescreen’ , Financial Times, April 25, 2007

City of Ottawa bans Fluorescent Bulbs from garbage because of toxic mercury content CBC, April 12/06

Mercury in fluorescent bulbs risky Toronto Star March 4/06

Smart meters bring clash over hydro Toronto Star Feb 27/06

Ontario's push to privatize power infrastructure Financial Post May 30/05 A must read

Ontario tenants could face energy bills Toronto Star May 6/05

Poorest families could tip over edge London Free Press Mar 12/05

Revised `smart meter' program may add to costs Toronto Star Feb 10/05

Smart meter cost may double, $3 to $4 more on monthly electricity bills Toronto Star Jan 27/05

Firms give tenants separate meters. Advocates fear change could hurt poor Toronto Star Dec 15/04

Ontario hydro customers could have to pay $2.3 billion for smart meters CP Oct 29/04

Meter is now running on apartment and condominium plan Toronto Star Sep 9/04

Grit fundraisers spur calls for disclosure London Free Press Aug 28/04

Ontario Energy minister defends tourney, Won't influence bids, Duncan says Toronto Star Aug 26/04

Ontario Liberal policies could provoke spiralling electricity costs G&M Aug 23/04

Hydro, rent aid for poor inadequate Toronto Star Mar 30/04

`Smart meters' will cost us, Toronto Star, March 27, 2004

Ontarians willing to pay higher electricity bills, (Energy Minister Dwight) Duncan says, Globe and Mail, March 3, 2004

Agencies fear hydro cutoffs will hurt children London Free Press, March 11, 2003

McGuinty admits to flip-flopping position on Hydro One privatization, Canadian Press, June 3, 2002

Ontario Liberals' McGuinty calls for breakup of Ontario Power Generation, by Paul Vieira, Fin. Post, March 15, 2002

Tories electricity plan spells financial disaster Myron Gordon and John Wilson, Toronto Star, April 30, 2001


So much is happening and has been written on this issue that I have moved the links to Ontario electricity reports, studies & over 100 additional articles here. These are only in order by date so that page is primarily for research purposes, and not for the light reader.



Ontario power blackout and electricity brownouts


Read my Power Blackout Outage Tips for tenants.

Blackout 2003: How Ontario went dark , Toronto Star, August 13, 2013

Experts Assess Deregulation as Factor in '03 Blackout New York Times Sept 16/05

Six key steps Queen's Park must take to ensure a safe, reliable power for Ontario, Toronto Star, Sept 19, 2003

Electricity facts, Globe and Mail, August 19, 2003




Rising Electricity Rates: really a hidden city tax


On Thursday, August 9, 2001, there was a public forum on electrical deregulation in Ontario, held at the Emmanuel-Howard Park United Church Hall. Bruno Solano, President of CUPE Local 1, Toronto Hydro, and Joyce Nobel a former hydro worker, discussed how for all of its history Toronto Hydro was run by the City of Toronto as a "consumer-cooperative" that set rates to break even; there was to be no profit. Now the City of Toronto (Mississauga has done the same) has turned it into a supposedly arms-length corporation, on which it wants profits, which Mr. Solano said was told to start bringing in $150,000,000 a year by 2005, to go into city coffers. This is clearly a hidden tax the city wants to impose on residents. How much would it mean to tenants? And Mr. Solano's predictions are coming too true. For 2004 the City of Toronto is to receive $25 million in "dividends" plus $67 million in "interest" from the new Toronto Hydro, and this $92 million a year windfall works out to be a $36 a year hidden tax for each woman, man and child in Toronto much of it hidden in higher rents.

Since they are trying to increase profits they are also reducing staffing and preventative maintenance, both essential to maintain a reliable source of electricity. In four or five years will brown-outs become the norm? And heaven help us should be get a bad ice storm.

Toronto Hydro Corporation releases its 2014 Annual Report , CNW, May 15, 2015

Hydro rate hike fans hard to find , Ottawa Sun, May 11, 2015

Toronto Hydro executive pay edges up , Toronto Star, April 1, 2014

Toronto Hydro CEO gets pension top-up of up to $1.65 million , Toronto Star, April 2, 2013

Toronto Hydro reported higher profit and paid a higher dividend to the city in 2011 , Toronto Star, March 6, 2012

Higher rates, usage boost Toronto Hydro income , Toronto Star, March 14, 2011

Leaders mute on hydro debt, by John Wilson, Toronto Star, Nov 1/07

Toronto Hydro asks for 4% rate hike, Toronto Star, Aug 4/07

In the end, Harris could help Miller Toronto Star Feb 20/06

Landlords battling city over utility bills London Free Press Nov 30/03

Toronto Hydro quadrupled 2002 profits Toronto Star Apr 2/03

Toronto's out-of-sight Hydro kitty, by John Spears, Toronto Star Mar 30/02

Buying Hydro, twice is an Oct 23/01 editorial that outlines the mechanics of how the City of Toronto is using Toronto Hydro as a new source of income.



Natural Gas Rates

In the winter of 2000, there was a jump in natural gas prices, peaking at about 4 times the present price and averaging about 2.5 times the present average. There were claims of a natural gas shortage while hundreds of "sweet gas" wells lie capped in the very shallow and accessible waters of Lake Erie. Sweet gas is a term used for the purest natural gas.

Experts mostly agree the natural gas price spike of late 2000/early 2001 was due to market manipulation, and that the further spike in January 2003 was due to speculators and not due to any shortage.

To understand how this affects Ontario tenants, and how the Tenant Protection Act, permits landlords to get this increase twice, plus get a 2% bonus, you can visit the Rent Increase Guideline section of my Current Issues page.

Energy Board curbs gas conservation programs , Toronto Star, January, 1, 2015

Former natural gas trader is sentenced, Houston Chronicle, November 3/08

Police the energy markets, New Jersey Star-Ledger, Jan 05/08

Food bank already feeling heat Ottawa Sun Oct 6/05

Increasing natural gas prices a puzzle AP Nov 17/04

Big Oil greed greater issue than supply and demand The Pantagraph, Illinois, Nov 6/04

Utility broke law, top court rules Toronto Star Apr 23/04

Enbridge rapped for usurious late-fee penalties Globe and Mail Apr 23/04

Direct Energy: Retailers still treating customers with disdain Toronto Star Apr 3/04

Natural gas supplies dwinding, price rising, as Ontario government pushes for switch from coal-fired generators to natural gas Toronto Star Feb 24/04

Aquila will pay $26.5 million in natural gas prices investigation, AP, January 29, 2004

Six firms settle over natural gas index reporting Houston Chronicle Jan 28/04

Natural Gas Prices Rising CP Jan 5/02

Here is a chart of monthly natural gas prices in $US per million Btu:

Natural Gas Prices - New York Mercantile Exchange - Monthly graph



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