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Residential Tenancies Act
Part V


Security of Tenure and Termination of Tenancies


Security of Tenure

Termination only in accordance with Act

37. (1) A tenancy may be terminated only in accordance with this Act. 2006, c. 17, s. 37 (1).


Termination by notice

(2) If a notice of termination is given in accordance with this Act and the tenant vacates the rental unit in accordance with the notice, the tenancy is terminated on the termination date set out in the notice. 2006, c. 17, s. 37 (2).


Termination by agreement

(3) A notice of termination need not be given if a landlord and a tenant have agreed to terminate a tenancy. 2006, c. 17, s. 37 (3).


When notice void

(4) A tenant's notice to terminate a tenancy is void if it is given,

    (a) at the time the tenancy agreement is entered into; or

    (b) as a condition of entering into the tenancy agreement.† 2006, c. 17, s. 37 (4).


When agreement void

(5) An agreement between a landlord and tenant to terminate a tenancy is void if it is entered into,

    (a) at the time the tenancy agreement is entered into; or

    (b) as a condition of entering into the tenancy agreement.

2006, c. 17, s. 37 (5).


Application of subss. (4) and (5)

(6) Subsections (4) and (5) do not apply to rental units occupied by students of one or more post-secondary educational institutions in a residential complex owned, operated or administered by or on behalf of the post-secondary educational institutions. 2006, c. 17, s. 37 (6).


Same

(7) Subsections (4) and (5) do not apply to rental units in a residential complex with respect to which the landlord has entered into an agreement with one or more post-secondary educational institutions providing,

    (a) that the landlord, as of the date the agreement is entered into and for the duration of the agreement, rents the rental units which are the subject of the agreement only to students of the institution or institutions;

    (b) that the landlord will comply with the maintenance standards set out in the agreement with respect to the rental units which are the subject of the agreement; and

    (c) that the landlord will not charge a new tenant of a rental unit which is a subject of the agreement a rent which is greater than the lawful rent being charged to the former tenant plus the guideline.

2006, c. 17, s. 37 (7).


Same

(8) The maintenance standards set out in the agreement and referred to in clause (7) (b) shall not provide for a lower maintenance standard than that required by law. 2006, c. 17, s. 37 (8).


Same

(9) If the landlord breaches any of clauses (7) (a), (b) and (c), the agreement referred to in subsection (7) is terminated and the exemption provided by subsection (7) no longer applies. 2006, c. 17, s. 37 (9).


Same

(10) The landlord shall be deemed to have not breached the condition in clause (7) (a) if,

    (a) upon a tenant ceasing to be a student of a post-secondary educational institution that is a party to the agreement with the landlord, the landlord takes action to terminate the tenancy in accordance with an agreement with the tenant to terminate the tenancy or a notice of termination given by the tenant; or

    (b) a tenant sublets the rental unit to a person who is not a student of a post-secondary educational institution that is a party to the agreement with the landlord.

2006, c. 17, s. 37 (10).


Same

(11) Either party to an agreement referred to in subsection (7) may terminate the agreement on at least 90 days written notice to the other party and, upon the termination of the agreement, the exemption provided by subsection (7) no longer applies. 2006, c. 17, s. 37 (11).


Deemed renewal where no notice

38 . (1) If a tenancy agreement for a fixed term ends and has not been renewed or terminated, the landlord and tenant shall be deemed to have renewed it as a monthly tenancy agreement containing the same terms and conditions that are in the expired tenancy agreement and subject to any increases in rent charged in accordance with this Act. 2006, c. 17, s. 38 (1).


Same

(2) If the period of a daily, weekly or monthly tenancy ends and the tenancy has not been renewed or terminated, the landlord and tenant shall be deemed to have renewed it for another day, week or month, as the case may be, with the same terms and conditions that are in the expired tenancy agreement and subject to any increases in rent charged in accordance with this Act. 2006, c. 17, s. 38 (2).


Same

(3) If the period of a periodic tenancy ends, the tenancy has not been renewed or terminated and subsection (2) does not apply, the landlord and tenant shall be deemed to have renewed it as a monthly tenancy, with the same terms and conditions that are in the expired tenancy agreement and subject to any increases in rent charged in accordance with this Act. 2006, c. 17, s. 38 (3).


Restriction on recovery of possession

39. A landlord shall not recover possession of a rental unit subject to a tenancy unless,

    (a) the tenant has vacated or abandoned the unit; or

    (b) an order of the Board evicting the tenant has authorized the possession.

2006, c. 17, s. 39.


Distress abolished

40. No landlord shall, without legal process, seize a tenant's property for default in the payment of rent or for the breach of any other obligation of the tenant. 2006, c. 17, s. 40.


Disposal of abandoned property if unit vacated

41. (1) A landlord may sell, retain for the landlordís own use or otherwise dispose of property in a rental unit or the residential complex if the rental unit has been vacated in accordance with,

    (a) a notice of termination of the landlord or the tenant;

    (b) an agreement between the landlord and the tenant to terminate the tenancy;

    (c) subsection 93 (2); or

    (d) an order of the Board terminating the tenancy or evicting the tenant.

2006, c. 17, s. 41 (1).


Where eviction order enforced

(2) Despite subsection (1), where an order is made to evict a tenant, the landlord shall not sell, retain or otherwise dispose of the tenant's property before 72 hours have elapsed after the enforcement of the eviction order. 2006, c. 17, s. 41 (2).


Same

(3) A landlord shall make an evicted tenant's property available to be retrieved at a location close to the rental unit during the prescribed hours within the 72 hours after the enforcement of an eviction order. 2006, c. 17, s. 41 (3).


Liability of landlord

(4) A landlord is not liable to any person for selling, retaining or otherwise disposing of a tenantís property in accordance with this section. 2006, c. 17, s. 41 (4).


Agreement

(5) A landlord and a tenant may agree to terms other than those set out in this section with regard to the disposal of the tenant's property. 2006, c. 17, s. 41 (5).


Enforcement of landlord obligations

(6) If, on application by a former tenant, the Board determines that a landlord has breached an obligation under subsection (2) or (3), the Board may do one or more of the following:

    1. Order that the landlord not breach the obligation again.

    2. Order that the landlord return to the former tenant property of the former tenant that is in the possession or control of the landlord.

    3. Order that the landlord pay a specified sum to the former tenant for,

      i. the reasonable costs that the former tenant has incurred or will incur in repairing or, where repairing is not reasonable, replacing property of the former tenant that was damaged, destroyed or disposed of as a result of the landlordís breach, and

      ii. other reasonable out-of-pocket expenses that the former tenant has incurred or will incur as a result of the landlordís breach.

    4. Order that the landlord pay to the Board an administrative fine not exceeding the greater of $10,000 and the monetary jurisdiction of the Small Claims Court.

    5. Make any other order that it considers appropriate.

2006, c. 17, s. 41 (6).


Disposal of property, unit abandoned

42. (1) A landlord may dispose of property in a rental unit that a tenant has abandoned and property of persons occupying the rental unit that is in the residential complex in which the rental unit is located in accordance with subsections (2) and (3) if,

    (a) the landlord obtains an order terminating the tenancy under section 79; or

    (b) the landlord gives notice to the tenant of the rental unit and to the Board of the landlordís intention to dispose of the property.

2006, c. 17, s. 42 (1).


Same

(2) If the tenant has abandoned the rental unit, the landlord may dispose of any unsafe or unhygienic items immediately. 2006, c. 17, s. 42 (2).


Same

(3) The landlord may sell, retain for the landlord's own use or otherwise dispose of any other items if 30 days have passed after obtaining the order referred to in clause (1) (a) or giving the notice referred to in clause (1) (b) to the tenant and the Board. 2006, c. 17, s. 42 (3).


Tenant's claim to property

(4) If, before the 30 days have passed, the tenant notifies the landlord that he or she intends to remove property referred to in subsection (3), the tenant may remove the property within that 30-day period. 2006, c. 17, s. 42 (4).


Same

(5) If the tenant notifies the landlord in accordance with subsection (4) that he or she intends to remove the property, the landlord shall make the property available to the tenant at a reasonable time and at a location close to the rental unit. 2006, c. 17, s. 42 (5).


Same

(6) The landlord may require the tenant to pay the landlord for arrears of rent and any reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the landlord in moving, storing or securing the tenant's property before allowing the tenant to remove the property. 2006, c. 17, s. 42 (6).


Same

(7) If, within six months after the date the notice referred to in clause (1) (b) is given to the tenant and the Board or the order terminating the tenancy is issued, the tenant claims any of his or her property that the landlord has sold, the landlord shall pay to the tenant the amount by which the proceeds of sale exceed the sum of,

    (a) the landlord's reasonable out-of-pocket expenses for moving, storing, securing or selling the property; and

    (b) any arrears of rent.

2006, c. 17, s. 42 (7).


No liability

(8) Subject to subsections (5) and (7), a landlord is not liable to any person for selling, retaining or otherwise disposing of the property of a tenant in accordance with this section. 2006, c. 17, s.42 (8).



Notice of Termination - General

Notice of termination

43. (1) Where this Act permits a landlord or tenant to give a notice of termination, the notice shall be in a form approved by the Board and shall,

    (a) identify the rental unit for which the notice is given;

    (b) state the date on which the tenancy is to terminate; and

    (c) be signed by the person giving the notice, or the personís agent.

2006, c. 17, s. 43 (1).


Same

(2) If the notice is given by a landlord, it shall also set out the reasons and details respecting the termination and inform the tenant that,

    (a) if the tenant vacates the rental unit in accordance with the notice, the tenancy terminates on the date set out in clause (1) (b);

    (b) if the tenant does not vacate the rental unit, the landlord may apply to the Board for an order terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant; and

    (c) if the landlord applies for an order, the tenant is entitled to dispute the application.

2006, c. 17, s. 43 (2).



Period of Notice

Period of notice, daily or weekly tenancy

44. (1) A notice under section 47, 58 or 144 to terminate a daily or weekly tenancy shall be given at least 28 days before the date the termination is specified to be effective and that date shall be on the last day of a rental period. 2006, c. 17, s. 44 (1).


Period of notice, monthly tenancy

(2) A notice under section 47, 58 or 144 to terminate a monthly tenancy shall be given at least 60 days before the date the termination is specified to be effective and that date shall be on the last day of a rental period. 2006, c. 17, s. 44 (2).


Period of notice, yearly tenancy

(3) A notice under section 47, 58 or 144 to terminate a yearly tenancy shall be given at least 60 days before the date the termination is specified to be effective and that date shall be on the last day of a yearly period on which the tenancy is based. 2006, c. 17, s. 44 (3).


Period of notice, tenancy for fixed term

(4) A notice under section 47, 58 or 144 to terminate a tenancy for a fixed term shall be given at least 60 days before the expiration date specified in the tenancy agreement, to be effective on that expiration date. 2006, c. 17, s. 44 (4).


Period of notice, February notices

(5) A tenant who gives notice under subsection (2), (3) or (4) which specifies that the termination is to be effective on the last day of February or the last day of March in any year shall be deemed to have given at least 60 days notice of termination if the notice is given not later than January 1 of that year in respect of a termination which is to be effective on the last day of February, or February 1 of that year in respect of a termination which is to be effective on the last day of March. 2006, c. 17, s. 44 (5).


Effect of payment

45. Unless a landlord and tenant agree otherwise, the landlord does not waive a notice of termination, reinstate a tenancy or create a new tenancy,

    (a) by giving the tenant a notice of rent increase; or

    (b) by accepting arrears of rent or compensation for the use or occupation of a rental unit after,

      (i)   the landlord or the tenant gives a notice of termination of the tenancy,

      (ii)  the landlord and the tenant enter into an agreement to terminate the tenancy, or

      (iii) the Board makes an eviction order or an order terminating the tenancy.

2006, c. 17, s. 45.


Where notice void

46. (1) A notice of termination becomes void 30 days after the termination date specified in the notice unless,

    (a) the tenant vacates the rental unit before that time; or

    (b) the landlord applies for an order terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant before that time.

2006, c. 17, s. 46 (1).


Exception

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply with respect to a notice based on a tenantís failure to pay rent. 2006, c. 17, s. 46 (2).



Notice by Tenant

Tenant's notice to terminate, end of period or term

47. A tenant may terminate a tenancy at the end of a period of the tenancy or at the end of the term of a tenancy for a fixed term by giving notice of termination to the landlord in accordance with section 44. 2006, c. 17, s. 47.



Notice by Landlord at End of Period or Term

Notice, landlord personally, etc., requires unit

48. (1) A landlord may, by notice, terminate a tenancy if the landlord in good faith requires possession of the rental unit for the purpose of residential occupation by,

    (a) the landlord;

    (b) the landlord's spouse;

    (c) a child or parent of the landlord or the landlordís spouse; or

    (d) a person who provides or will provide care services to the landlord, the landlordís spouse, or a child or parent of the landlord or the landlord's spouse, if the person receiving the care services resides or will reside in the building, related group of buildings, mobile home park or land lease community in which the rental unit is located.

2006, c. 17, s. 48 (1).


Same

(2) The date for termination specified in the notice shall be at least 60 days after the notice is given and shall be the day a period of the tenancy ends or, where the tenancy is for a fixed term, the end of the term. 2006, c. 17, s. 48 (2).


Earlier termination by tenant

(3) A tenant who receives notice of termination under subsection (1) may, at any time before the date specified in the notice, terminate the tenancy, effective on a specified date earlier than the date set out in the landlord's notice. 2006, c. 17, s. 48 (3).


Same

(4) The date for termination specified in the tenant's notice shall be at least 10 days after the date the tenantís notice is given. 2006, c. 17, s. 48 (4).


Notice, purchaser personally requires unit

49. (1) A landlord of a residential complex that contains no more than three residential units who has entered into an agreement of purchase and sale of the residential complex may, on behalf of the purchaser, give the tenant of a unit in the residential complex a notice terminating the tenancy, if the purchaser in good faith requires possession of the residential complex or the unit for the purpose of residential occupation by,

    (a) the purchaser;

    (b) the purchaser's spouse;

    (c) a child or parent of the purchaser or the purchaserís spouse; or

    (d) a person who provides or will provide care services to the purchaser, the purchaserís spouse, or a child or parent of the purchaser or the purchaserís spouse, if the person receiving the care services resides or will reside in the building, related group of buildings, mobile home park or land lease community in which the rental unit is located.

2006, c. 17, s. 49 (1).


Same, condominium

(2) If a landlord who is an owner as defined in clause (a) or (b) of the definition of "owner" in subsection 1 (1) of the Condominium Act, 1998 owns a unit, as defined in subsection 1 (1) of that Act, that is a rental unit and has entered into an agreement of purchase and sale of the unit, the landlord may, on behalf of the purchaser, give the tenant of the unit a notice terminating the tenancy, if the purchaser in good faith requires possession of the unit for the purpose of residential occupation by,

    (a) the purchaser;

    (b) the purchaser's spouse;

    (c) a child or parent of the purchaser or the purchaserís spouse; or

    (d) a person who provides or will provide care services to the purchaser, the purchaserís spouse, or a child or parent of the purchaser or the purchaserís spouse, if the person receiving the care services resides or will reside in the building, related group of buildings, mobile home park or land lease community in which the rental unit is located.

2006, c. 17, s. 49 (2).


Period of notice

(3) The date for termination specified in a notice given under subsection (1) or (2) shall be at least 60 days after the notice is given and shall be the day a period of the tenancy ends or, where the tenancy is for a fixed term, the end of the term. 2006, c. 17, s. 49 (3).


Earlier termination by tenant

(4) A tenant who receives notice of termination under subsection (1) or (2) may, at any time before the date specified in the notice, terminate the tenancy, effective on a specified date earlier than the date set out in the landlord's notice. 2006, c.  17, s. 49 (4).


Same

(5) The date for termination specified in the tenantís notice shall be at least 10 days after the date the tenant's notice is given. 2006, c. 17, s. 49 (5).


Notice, demolition, conversion or repairs

50. (1) A landlord may give notice of termination of a tenancy if the landlord requires possession of the rental unit in order to,

    (a) demolish it;

    (b) convert it to use for a purpose other than residential premises; or

    (c) do repairs or renovations to it that are so extensive that they require a building permit and vacant possession of the rental unit.

2006, c. 17, s. 50 (1).


Same

(2) The date for termination specified in the notice shall be at least 120 days after the notice is given and shall be the day a period of the tenancy ends or, where the tenancy is for a fixed term, the end of the term. 2006, c. 17, s. 50 (2).

Same

(3) A notice under clause (1) (c) shall inform the tenant that if he or she wishes to exercise the right of first refusal under section 53 to occupy the premises after the repairs or renovations, he or she must give the landlord notice of that fact in accordance with subsection 53 (2) before vacating the rental unit. 2006, c. 17, s. 50 (3).


Earlier termination by tenant

(4) A tenant who receives notice of termination under subsection (1) may, at any time before the date specified in the notice, terminate the tenancy, effective on a specified date earlier than the date set out in the landlord's notice. 2006, c. 17, s. 50 (4).


Same

(5) The date for termination specified in the tenant's notice shall be at least 10 days after the date the tenantís notice is given. 2006, c. 17, s. 50 (5).


Conversion to condominium, security of tenure

51. (1) If a part or all of a residential complex becomes subject to a registered declaration and description under the Condominium Act, 1998 or a predecessor of that Act on or after June 17, 1998, a landlord may not give a notice under section 48 or 49 to a person who was a tenant of a rental unit when it became subject to the registered declaration and description. 2006, c. 17, s. 51 (1).


Proposed units, security of tenure

(2) If a landlord has entered into an agreement of purchase and sale of a rental unit that is a proposed unit under the Condominium Act, 1998 or a predecessor of that Act, a landlord may not give a notice under section 48 or 49 to the tenant of the rental unit who was the tenant on the date the agreement of purchase and sale was entered into. 2006, c. 17, s. 51 (2).


Non-application

(3) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply with respect to a residential complex if no rental unit in the complex was rented before July 10, 1986 and all or part of the complex becomes subject to a registered declaration and description under the Condominium Act, 1998 or a predecessor of that Act before the day that is two years after the day on which the first rental unit in the complex was first rented. 2006, c. 17, s. 51 (3).


Assignee of tenant not included

(4) Despite subsection 95 (8), a reference to a tenant in subsection (1), (2) or (5) does not include a person to whom the tenant subsequently assigns the rental unit. 2006, c. 17, s. 51 (4).


Conversion to condominium, right of first refusal

(5) If a landlord receives an acceptable offer to purchase a condominium unit converted from rented residential premises and still occupied by a tenant who was a tenant on the date of the registration referred to in subsection (1) or an acceptable offer to purchase a rental unit intended to be converted to a condominium unit, the tenant has a right of first refusal to purchase the unit at the price and subject to the terms and conditions in the offer. 2006, c. 17, s. 51 (5).


Same

(6) The landlord shall give the tenant at least 72 hours notice of the offer to purchase the unit before accepting the offer. 2006, c. 17, s. 51 (6).


Exception

(7) Subsection (5) does not apply when,

    (a) the offer to purchase is an offer to purchase more than one unit; or

    (b) the unit has been previously purchased since that registration, but not together with any other units.

2006, c. 17, s. 51 (7).


Compensation, demolition or conversion

52. A landlord shall compensate a tenant in an amount equal to three months rent or offer the tenant another rental unit acceptable to the tenant if,

    (a) the tenant receives notice of termination of the tenancy for the purposes of demolition or conversion to non-residential use;

    (b) the residential complex in which the rental unit is located contains at least five residential units; and

    (c) in the case of a demolition, it was not ordered to be carried out under the authority of any other Act.

2006, c. 17, s. 52.


Tenant's right of first refusal, repair or renovation

53. (1) A tenant who receives notice of termination of a tenancy for the purpose of repairs or renovations may, in accordance with this section, have a right of first refusal to occupy the rental unit as a tenant when the repairs or renovations are completed. 2006, c. 17, s. 53 (1).


Written notice

(2) A tenant who wishes to have a right of first refusal shall give the landlord notice in writing before vacating the rental unit. 2006, c. 17, s. 53 (2).


Rent to be charged

(3) A tenant who exercises a right of first refusal may reoccupy the rental unit at a rent that is no more than what the landlord could have lawfully charged if there had been no interruption in the tenant's tenancy. 2006, c. 17, s. 53 (3).


Change of address

(4) It is a condition of the tenant's right of first refusal that the tenant inform the landlord in writing of any change of address. 2006, c. 17, s. 53 (4).


Tenant's right to compensation, repair or renovation

54. (1) A landlord shall compensate a tenant who receives notice of termination of a tenancy under section 50 for the purpose of repairs or renovations in an amount equal to three months rent or shall offer the tenant another rental unit acceptable to the tenant if,

    (a) the tenant does not give the landlord notice under subsection 53 (2) with respect to the rental unit;

    (b) the residential complex in which the rental unit is located contains at least five residential units; and

    (c) the repair or renovation was not ordered to be carried out under the authority of this or any other Act.

2006, c. 17, s. 54 (1).


Same

(2) A landlord shall compensate a tenant who receives notice of termination of a tenancy under section 50 for the purpose of repairs or renovations in an amount equal to the rent for the lesser of three months and the period the unit is under repair or renovation if,

    (a) the tenant gives the landlord notice under subsection 53 (2) with respect to the rental unit;

    (b) the residential complex in which the rental unit is located contains at least five residential units; and

    (c) the repair or renovation was not ordered to be carried out under the authority of this or any other Act.

2006, c. 17, s. 54 (2).


Tenant's right to compensation, severance

55. A landlord of a residential complex that is created as a result of a severance shall compensate a tenant of a rental unit in that complex in an amount equal to three months rent or offer the tenant another rental unit acceptable to the tenant if,

    (a) before the severance, the residential complex from which the new residential complex was created had at least five residential units;

    (b) the new residential complex has fewer than five residential units; and

    (c) the landlord gives the tenant a notice of termination under section 50 less than two years after the date of the severance.

2006, c. 17, s.55.


Security of tenure, severance, subdivision

56. Where a rental unit becomes separately conveyable property due to a consent under section 53 of the Planning Act or a plan of subdivision under section 51 of that Act, a landlord may not give a notice under section 48 or 49 to a person who was a tenant of the rental unit at the time of the consent or approval. 2006, c. 17, s. 56.


Former tenant's application where notice given in bad faith

57. (1) The Board may make an order described in subsection (3) if, on application by a former tenant of a rental unit, the Board determines that,

    (a) the landlord gave a notice of termination under section 48 in bad faith, the former tenant vacated the rental unit as a result of the notice or as a result of an application to or order made by the Board based on the notice, and no person referred to in clause 48 (1) (a), (b), (c) or (d) occupied the rental unit within a reasonable time after the former tenant vacated the rental unit;

    (b) the landlord gave a notice of termination under section 49 in bad faith, the former tenant vacated the rental unit as a result of the notice or as a result of an application to or order made by the Board based on the notice, and no person referred to in clause 49 (1) (a), (b), (c) or (d) or 49 (2) (a), (b), (c) or (d) occupied the rental unit within a reasonable time after the former tenant vacated the rental unit; or

    (c) the landlord gave a notice of termination under section 50 in bad faith, the former tenant vacated the rental unit as a result of the notice or as a result of an application to or order made by the Board based on the notice, and the landlord did not demolish, convert or repair or renovate the rental unit within a reasonable time after the former tenant vacated the rental unit.

2006, c. 17, s. 57 (1).


Time limitation

(2) No application may be made under subsection (1) more than one year after the former tenant vacated the rental unit. 2006, c. 17, s. 57 (2).


Orders

(3) The orders referred to in subsection (1) are the following:

    1. An order that the landlord pay a specified sum to the former tenant for,

      i. all or any portion of any increased rent that the former tenant has incurred or will incur for a one-year period after vacating the rental unit, and

      ii. reasonable out-of-pocket moving, storage and other like expenses that the former tenant has incurred or will incur.

    2. An order for an abatement of rent.

    3. An order that the landlord pay to the Board an administrative fine not exceeding the greater of $10,000 and the monetary jurisdiction of the Small Claims Court.

    4. Any other order that the Board considers appropriate.

2006, c. 17, s. 57 (3).


Previous determination of good faith

(4) In an application under subsection (1), the Board may find that the landlord gave a notice of termination in bad faith despite a previous finding by the Board to the contrary. 2006, c. 17, s. 57 (4).


Notice at end of term or period, additional grounds

58. (1) A landlord may give a tenant notice of termination of their tenancy on any of the following grounds:

    1. The tenant has persistently failed to pay rent on the date it becomes due and payable.

    2. The rental unit that is the subject of the tenancy agreement is a rental unit described in paragraph 1, 2, 3 or 4 of subsection 7 (1) and the tenant has ceased to meet the qualifications required for occupancy of the rental unit.

    3. The tenant was an employee of an employer who provided the tenant with the rental unit during the tenant's employment and the employment has terminated.

    4. The tenancy arose by virtue of or collateral to an agreement of purchase and sale of a proposed unit within the meaning of the Condominium Act, 1998 in good faith and the agreement of purchase and sale has been terminated.

2006, c. 17, s. 58 (1).


Period of notice

(2) The date for termination specified in the notice shall be at least the number of days after the date the notice is given that is set out in section 44 and shall be the day a period of the tenancy ends or, where the tenancy is for a fixed term, the end of the term. 2006, c. 17, s. 58 (2).



Notice by Landlord Before End of Period or Term

Non-payment of rent

59. (1) If a tenant fails to pay rent lawfully owing under a tenancy agreement, the landlord may give the tenant notice of termination of the tenancy effective not earlier than,

    (a) the 7th day after the notice is given, in the case of a daily or weekly tenancy; and

    (b) the 14th day after the notice is given, in all other cases.

2006, c. 17, s. 59 (1).


Contents of notice

(2) The notice of termination shall set out the amount of rent due and shall specify that the tenant may avoid the termination of the tenancy by paying, on or before the termination date specified in the notice, the rent due as set out in the notice and any additional rent that has become due under the tenancy agreement as at the date of payment by the tenant. 2006, c. 17, s. 59 (2).


Notice void if rent paid

(3) The notice of termination is void if, before the day the landlord applies to the Board for an order terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant based on the notice, the tenant pays,

    (a) the rent that is in arrears under the tenancy agreement; and

    (b) the additional rent that would have been due under the tenancy agreement as at the date of payment by the tenant had notice of termination not been given.

2006, c. 17, s. 59 (3).


Termination for cause, misrepresentation of income

60. (1) A landlord may give a tenant notice of termination of the tenancy if the rental unit is a rental unit described in paragraph 1, 2, 3 or 4 of subsection 7 (1) and the tenant has knowingly and materially misrepresented his or her income or that of other members of his or her family occupying the rental unit. 2006, c. 17, s. 60 (1).


Notice

(2) A notice of termination under this section shall set out the grounds for termination and shall provide a termination date not earlier than the 20th day after the notice is given. 2006, c. 17, s. 60 (2).


Termination for cause, illegal act

61. (1) A landlord may give a tenant notice of termination of the tenancy if the tenant or another occupant of the rental unit commits an illegal act or carries on an illegal trade, business or occupation or permits a person to do so in the rental unit or the residential complex. 2006, c. 17, s. 61 (1).


Notice

(2) A notice of termination under this section shall set out the grounds for termination and shall provide a termination date not earlier than,

    (a) the 10th day after the notice is given, in the case of a notice grounded on an illegal act, trade, business or occupation involving,

      (i)   the production of an illegal drug,

      (ii)  the trafficking in an illegal drug, or

      (iii) the possession of an illegal drug for the purposes of trafficking; or

    (b) the 20th day after the notice is given, in all other cases.

2006, c. 17, s. 61 (2).


Definitions

(3) In this section,

"illegal drug" means a controlled substance or precursor as those terms are defined in the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (Canada);

"possession" has the same meaning as in the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (Canada);

"production" means, with respect to an illegal drug, to produce the drug within the meaning of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (Canada);

"trafficking" means, with respect to an illegal drug, to traffic in the drug within the meaning of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (Canada).
2006, c. 17, s. 61 (3).


Termination for cause, damage

62. (1) A landlord may give a tenant notice of termination of the tenancy if the tenant, another occupant of the rental unit or a person whom the tenant permits in the residential complex wilfully or negligently causes undue damage to the rental unit or the residential complex. 2006, c. 17, s. 62 (1).


Notice

(2) A notice of termination under this section shall,

    (a) provide a termination date not earlier than the 20th day after the notice is given;

    (b) set out the grounds for termination; and

    (c) require the tenant, within seven days,

      (i)  to repair the damaged property or pay to the landlord the reasonable costs of repairing the damaged property, or

      (ii) to replace the damaged property or pay to the landlord the reasonable costs of replacing the damaged property, if it is not reasonable to repair the damaged property.

2006, c. 17, s. 62 (2).


Notice void if tenant complies

(3) The notice of termination under this section is void if the tenant, within seven days after receiving the notice, complies with the requirement referred to in clause (2) (c) or makes arrangements satisfactory to the landlord to comply with that requirement. 2006, c. 17, s. 62 (3).


Termination for cause, damage, shorter notice period

63. (1) Despite section 62, a landlord may give a tenant notice of termination of the tenancy that provides a termination date not earlier than the 10th day after the notice is given if the tenant, another occupant of the rental unit or a person whom the tenant permits in the residential complex,

    (a) wilfully causes undue damage to the rental unit or the residential complex; or

    (b) uses the rental unit or the residential complex in a manner that is inconsistent with use as residential premises and that causes or can reasonably be expected to cause damage that is significantly greater than the damage that is required in order to give a notice of termination under clause (a) or subsection 62 (1).

2006, c. 17, s. 63 (1).


Notice

(2) A notice of termination under this section shall set out the grounds for termination. 2006, c. 17, s. 63 (2).


Non-application of s. 62 (2) and (3)

(3) Subsections 62 (2) and (3) do not apply to a notice given under this section. 2006, c. 17, s. 63 (3).


Termination for cause, reasonable enjoyment

64. (1) A landlord may give a tenant notice of termination of the tenancy if the conduct of the tenant, another occupant of the rental unit or a person permitted in the residential complex by the tenant is such that it substantially interferes with the reasonable enjoyment of the residential complex for all usual purposes by the landlord or another tenant or substantially interferes with another lawful right, privilege or interest of the landlord or another tenant. 2006, c. 17, s. 64 (1).


Notice

(2) A notice of termination under subsection (1) shall,

    (a) provide a termination date not earlier than the 20th day after the notice is given;

    (b) set out the grounds for termination; and

    (c) require the tenant, within seven days, to stop the conduct or activity or correct the omission set out in the notice.

2006, c. 17, s. 64 (2).


Notice void if tenant complies

(3) The notice of termination under subsection (1) is void if the tenant, within seven days after receiving the notice, stops the conduct or activity or corrects the omission. 2006, c. 17, s. 64 (3).


Termination for cause, reasonable enjoyment of landlord in small building

65. (1) Despite section 64, a landlord who resides in a building containing not more than three residential units may give a tenant of a rental unit in the building notice of termination of the tenancy that provides a termination date not earlier than the 10th day after the notice is given if the conduct of the tenant, another occupant of the rental unit or a person permitted in the building by the tenant is such that it substantially interferes with the reasonable enjoyment of the building for all usual purposes by the landlord or substantially interferes with another lawful right, privilege or interest of the landlord. 2006, c. 17, s. 65 (1).


Notice

(2) A notice of termination under this section shall set out the grounds for termination. 2006, c. 17, s.65 (2).


Non-application of s. 64 (2) and (3)

(3) Subsections 64 (2) and (3) do not apply to a notice given under this section. 2006, c. 17, s. 65 (3).


Termination for cause, act impairs safety

66. (1) A landlord may give a tenant notice of termination of the tenancy if,

    (a) an act or omission of the tenant, another occupant of the rental unit or a person permitted in the residential complex by the tenant seriously impairs or has seriously impaired the safety of any person; and

    (b) the act or omission occurs in the residential complex.

2006, c. 17, s. 66 (1).


Same

(2) A notice of termination under this section shall provide a termination date not earlier than the 10th day after the notice is given and shall set out the grounds for termination. 2006, c. 17, s. 66 (2).


Termination for cause, too many persons

67. (1) A landlord may give a tenant notice of termination of the tenancy if the number of persons occupying the rental unit on a continuing basis results in a contravention of health, safety or housing standards required by law. 2006, c. 17, s. 67 (1).


Notice

(2) A notice of termination under this section shall,

    (a) provide a termination date not earlier than the 20th day after the notice is given;

    (b) set out the details of the grounds for termination; and

    (c) require the tenant, within seven days, to reduce the number of persons occupying the rental unit to comply with health, safety or housing standards required by law.

2006, c. 17, s. 67 (2).


Notice void if tenant complies

(3) The notice of termination under this section is void if the tenant, within seven days after receiving the notice, sufficiently reduces the number of persons occupying the rental unit. 2006, c. 17, s.67 (3).


Notice of termination, further contravention

68. (1) A landlord may give a tenant notice of termination of the tenancy if,

    (a) a notice of termination under section 62, 64 or 67 has become void as a result of the tenant's compliance with the terms of the notice; and

    (b) within six months after the notice mentioned in clause (a) was given to the tenant, an activity takes place, conduct occurs or a situation arises that constitutes grounds for a notice of termination under section 60, 61, 62, 64 or 67, other than an activity, conduct or a situation that is described in subsection 61 (1) and that involves an illegal act, trade, business or occupation described in clause 61 (2) (a).

2006, c. 17, s. 68 (1).


Same

(2) The notice under this section shall set out the date it is to be effective and that date shall not be earlier than the 14th day after the notice is given. 2006, c. 17, s. 68 (2).



Application by Landlord - After Notice of Termination

Application by landlord

69. (1) A landlord may apply to the Board for an order terminating a tenancy and evicting the tenant if the landlord has given notice to terminate the tenancy under this Act or the Tenant Protection Act, 1997. 2006, c. 17, s. 69 (1).


Same

(2) An application under subsection (1) may not be made later than 30 days after the termination date specified in the notice. 2006, c. 17, s. 69 (2).


Exception

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply with respect to an application based on the tenantís failure to pay rent. 2006, c. 17, s. 69 (3).


No application during remedy period

70. A landlord may not apply to the Board for an order terminating a tenancy and evicting the tenant based on a notice of termination under section 62, 64 or 67 before the seven-day remedy period specified in the notice expires. 2006, c. 17, s. 70.


Immediate application

71. Subject to section 70 and subsection 74 (1), a landlord who has served a notice of termination may apply immediately to the Board under section 69 for an order terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant. 2006, c. 17, s. 71.


Landlord or purchaser personally requires premises

72. (1) The Board shall not make an order terminating a tenancy and evicting the tenant in an application under section 69 based on a notice of termination under section 48 or 49 unless the landlord has filed with the Board an affidavit sworn by the person who personally requires the rental unit certifying that the person in good faith requires the rental unit for his or her own personal use. 2006, c. 17, s. 72 (1).


Same

(2) The Board shall not make an order terminating a tenancy and evicting the tenant in an application under section 69 based on a notice of termination under section 48 or 49 where the landlordís claim is based on a tenancy agreement or occupancy agreement that purports to entitle the landlord to reside in the rental unit unless,

    (a) the application is brought in respect of premises situate in a building containing not more than four residential units; or

    (b) one or more of the following people has previously been a genuine occupant of the premises:

      (i)   the landlord,

      (ii)  the landlord;s spouse,

      (iii) a child or parent of the landlord or the landlord's spouse, or

      (iv)  a person who provided care services to the landlord, the landlord's spouse, or a child or parent of the landlord or the landlord's spouse.

2006, c. 17, s. 72 (2).


Demolition, conversion, repairs

73. The Board shall not make an order terminating a tenancy and evicting the tenant in an application under section 69 based on a notice of termination under section 50 unless it is satisfied that,

    (a) the landlord intends in good faith to carry out the activity on which the notice of termination was based; and

    (b) the landlord has,

      (i)  obtained all necessary permits or other authority that may be required to carry out the activity on which the notice of termination was based, or

      (ii) has taken all reasonable steps to obtain all necessary permits or other authority that may be required to carry out the activity on which the notice of termination was based, if it is not possible to obtain the permits or other authority until the rental unit is vacant.

2006, c. 17, s. 73.


Non-payment of rent

74. (1) A landlord may not apply to the Board under section 69 for an order terminating a tenancy and evicting the tenant based on a notice of termination under section 59 before the day following the termination date specified in the notice. 2006, c. 17, s. 74 (1).


Discontinuance of application

(2) An application by a landlord under section 69 for an order terminating a tenancy and evicting the tenant based on a notice of termination under section 59 shall be discontinued if, before the Board issues the eviction order, the Board is satisfied that the tenant has paid to the landlord or to the Board,

    (a) the amount of rent that is in arrears under the tenancy agreement;

    (b) the amount of additional rent that would have been due under the tenancy agreement as at the date of payment by the tenant had notice of termination not been given; and

    (c) the landlord's application fee.

2006, c. 17, s. 74 (2).


Order of Board

(3) An order of the Board terminating a tenancy and evicting the tenant in an application under section 69 based on a notice of termination under section 59 shall,

    (a) specify the following amounts:

      (i)   the amount of rent that is in arrears under the tenancy agreement,

      (ii)  the daily amount of compensation that must be paid under section 86, and

      (iii) any costs ordered by the Board;

    (b) inform the tenant and the landlord that the order will become void if, before the order becomes enforceable, the tenant pays to the landlord or to the Board the amount required under subsection (4) and specify that amount; and

    (c) if the tenant has previously made a motion under subsection (11) during the period of the tenant's tenancy agreement with the landlord, inform the tenant and the landlord that the tenant is not entitled to make another motion under that subsection during the period of the agreement.

2006, c. 17, s. 74 (3).


Payment before order becomes enforceable

(4) An eviction order referred to in subsection (3) is void if the tenant pays to the landlord or to the Board, before the order becomes enforceable,

    (a) the amount of rent that is in arrears under the tenancy agreement;

    (b) the amount of additional rent that would have been due under the tenancy agreement as at the date of payment by the tenant had notice of termination not been given;

    (c) the amount of NSF cheque charges charged by financial institutions to the landlord in respect of cheques tendered to the landlord by or on behalf of the tenant, as allowed by the Board in an application by the landlord under section 87;

    (d) the amount of administration charges payable by the tenant for the NSF cheques, as allowed by the Board in an application by the landlord under section 87; and

    (e) the costs ordered by the Board.

2006, c. 17, s. 74 (4).


Notice of void order

(5) If, before the eviction order becomes enforceable, the tenant pays the amount specified in the order under clause (3) (b) to the Board, an employee of the Board shall issue a notice to the tenant and the landlord acknowledging that the eviction order is void under subsection (4). 2006, c. 17, s. 74 (5).


Determination that full amount paid before order becomes enforceable

(6) If, before the eviction order becomes enforceable, the tenant pays the amount due under subsection (4) either in whole to the landlord or in part to the landlord and in part to the Board, the tenant may make a motion to the Board, without notice to the landlord, for an order determining that the tenant has paid the full amount due under subsection (4) and confirming that the eviction order is void under subsection (4). 2006, c. 17, s. 74 (6).


Evidence

(7) A tenant who makes a motion under subsection (6) shall provide the Board with an affidavit setting out the details of any payments made to the landlord and with any supporting documents the tenant may have. 2006, c. 17, s. 74 (7).


No hearing

(8) The Board shall make an order under subsection (6) without holding a hearing. 2006, c. 17, s. 74 (8).


Motion by landlord

(9) Within 10 days after an order is issued under subsection (6), the landlord may, on notice to the tenant, make a motion to the Board to have the order set aside. 2006, c. 17, s. 74 (9).


Order of Board

(10) On a motion under subsection (9), the Board shall hold a hearing and shall,

    (a) if satisfied that the tenant paid the full amount due under subsection (4) before the eviction order became enforceable, refuse to set aside the order made under subsection (6);

    (b) if satisfied that the tenant did not pay the full amount due under subsection (4) before the eviction order became enforceable but that the tenant has since paid the full amount, refuse to set aside the order made under subsection (6); or

    (c) in any other case, set aside the order made under subsection (6) and confirm that the eviction order is not void under subsection (4).

2006, c. 17, s. 74 (10).


Payment after order becomes enforceable

(11) A tenant may make a motion to the Board, on notice to the landlord, to set aside an eviction order referred to in subsection (3) if, after the order becomes enforceable but before it is executed, the tenant pays an amount to the Board and files an affidavit sworn by the tenant stating that the amount, together with any amounts previously paid to the landlord, is at least the sum of the following amounts:

    1. The amount of rent that is in arrears under the tenancy agreement.

    2. The amount of additional rent that would have been due under the tenancy agreement as at the date of payment by the tenant had notice of termination not been given.

    3. The amount of NSF cheque charges charged by financial institutions to the landlord in respect of cheques tendered to the landlord by or on behalf of the tenant, as allowed by the Board in an application by the landlord under section 87.

    4. The amount of administration charges payable by the tenant for the NSF cheques, as allowed by the Board in an application by the landlord under section 87.

    5. The costs ordered by the Board.

2006, c. 17, s. 74 (11).


Exception

(12) Subsection (11) does not apply if the tenant has previously made a motion under that subsection during the period of the tenant's tenancy agreement with the landlord. 2006, c. 17, s. 74 (12).


Motion under subs. (11) stays eviction order

(13) An order under subsection (3) is stayed when a motion under subsection (11) is received by the Board and shall not be enforced under this Act or as an order of the Superior Court of Justice during the stay. 2006, c. 17, s. 74 (13).


Order of Board

(14) Subject to subsection (15), if a tenant makes a motion under subsection (11), the Board shall, after a hearing,

    (a) make an order declaring the order under subsection (3) to be void, if the tenant has paid the amounts set out in subsection (11); or

    (b) make an order lifting the stay of the order under subsection (3), if the tenant has not paid the amounts set out in subsection (11).

2006, c. 17, s. 74 (14).


Enforcement costs

(15) If, on a motion under subsection (11), the Board determines that the landlord has paid any non-refundable amount under the Administration of Justice Act for the purpose of enforcing the order under subsection (3), the Board shall specify that amount in the order made under clause (14) (a) and shall provide in the order that it is not effective unless,

    (a) the tenant pays the specified amount into the Board by a date specified in the order; and

    (b) an employee of the Board issues a notice under subsection (16).

2006, c. 17, s. 74 (15).


Notice of payment

(16) If subsection (15) applies to an order made under clause (14) (a) and the tenant pays the amount specified in the order into the Board by the date specified in the order, an employee of the Board shall issue a notice to the tenant and the landlord acknowledging that the eviction order is void. 2006, c. 17, s. 74 (16).


Failure to pay

(17) If subsection (15) applies to an order made under clause (14) (a) and the tenant does not pay the amount specified in the order into the Board by the date specified in the order, the stay of the order under subsection (3) ceases to apply and the order may be enforced. 2006, c. 17, s. 74 (17).


Order for payment

(18) If the Board makes an order under clause (14) (b), the Board may make an order that the tenant pay to the landlord any non-refundable amount paid by the landlord under the Administration of Justice Act for the purpose of enforcing the order under subsection (3). 2006, c. 17, s. 74 (18).


Illegal act

75. The Board may issue an order terminating a tenancy and evicting a tenant in an application referred to under section 69 based on a notice of termination under section 61 whether or not the tenant or other person has been convicted of an offence relating to an illegal act, trade, business or occupation. 2006, c. 17, s. 75.


Application based on animals

76. (1) If an application based on a notice of termination under section 64, 65 or 66 is grounded on the presence, control or behaviour of an animal in or about the residential complex, the Board shall not make an order terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant without being satisfied that the tenant is keeping an animal and that,

    (a) subject to subsection (2), the past behaviour of an animal of that species has substantially interfered with the reasonable enjoyment of the residential complex for all usual purposes by the landlord or other tenants;

    (b) subject to subsection (3), the presence of an animal of that species has caused the landlord or another tenant to suffer a serious allergic reaction; or

    (c) the presence of an animal of that species or breed is inherently dangerous to the safety of the landlord or the other tenants.

2006, c. 17, s. 76 (1).


Same

(2) The Board shall not make an order terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant relying on clause (1) (a) if it is satisfied that the animal kept by the tenant did not cause or contribute to the substantial interference. 2006, c. 17, s. 76 (2).


Same

(3) The Board shall not make an order terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant relying on clause (1) (b) if it is satisfied that the animal kept by the tenant did not cause or contribute to the allergic reaction. 2006, c. 17, s. 76 (3).



Application by Landlord - No Notice of Termination

Agreement to terminate, tenantís notice

77. (1) A landlord may, without notice to the tenant, apply to the Board for an order terminating a tenancy and evicting the tenant if,

    (a) the landlord and tenant have entered into an agreement to terminate the tenancy; or

    (b) the tenant has given the landlord notice of termination of the tenancy.

2006, c. 17, s. 77 (1).


Same

(2) The landlord shall include with the application an affidavit verifying the agreement or notice of termination, as the case may be. 2006, c. 17, s. 77 (2).


Same

(3) An application under subsection (1) shall not be made later than 30 days after the termination date specified in the agreement or notice. 2006, c. 17, s. 77 (3).


Order

(4) On receipt of the application, the Board may make an order terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant. 2006, c. 17, s. 77 (4).


Same

(5) An order under subsection (4) shall be effective not earlier than,

    (a) the date specified in the agreement, in the case of an application under clause (1) (a); or

    (b) the termination date set out in the notice, in the case of an application under clause (1) (b).

2006, c. 17, s. 77 (5).


Motion to set aside order

(6) The respondent may make a motion to the Board, on notice to the applicant, to have the order under subsection (4) set aside within 10 days after the order is issued. 2006, c. 17, s. 77 (6).


Motion stays order

(7) An order under subsection (4) is stayed when a motion to have the order set aside is received by the Board and shall not be enforced under this Act or as an order of the Superior Court of Justice during the stay. 2006, c. 17, s. 77 (7).


Order of Board

(8) If the respondent makes a motion under subsection (6), the Board shall, after a hearing,

    (a) make an order setting aside the order under subsection (4), if,

      (i)  the landlord and tenant did not enter into an agreement to terminate the tenancy, and

      (ii) the tenant did not give the landlord notice of termination of the tenancy;

    (b) make an order setting aside the order under subsection (4), if the Board is satisfied, having regard to all the circumstances, that it would not be unfair to do so; or

    (c) make an order lifting the stay of the order under subsection (4), effective immediately or on a future date specified in the order.

2006, c. 17, s. 77 (8).


Application based on previous order, mediated settlement

78. (1) A landlord may, without notice to the tenant, apply to the Board for an order terminating a tenancy or evicting the tenant if the following criteria are satisfied:

    1. The landlord previously applied to the Board for an order terminating the tenancy or evicting the tenant.

    2. A settlement mediated under section 194 or order made with respect to the previous application,

      i.  imposed conditions on the tenant that, if not met by the tenant, would give rise to the same grounds for terminating the tenancy as were claimed in the previous application, and

      ii. provided that the landlord could apply under this section if the tenant did not meet one or more of the conditions described in subparagraph i.

    3. The tenant has not met one or more of the conditions described in subparagraph 2 i.

2006, c. 17, s. 78 (1).


Same

(2) The landlord shall include with the application a copy of the settlement or order and an affidavit setting out what conditions of the settlement or order have not been met and how they have not been met. 2006, c. 17, s. 78 (2).


Order for payment

(3) In an application under subsection (1), the landlord may also request that the Board make an order for payment under subsection (7) if the following criteria are satisfied:

    1. The landlord applied for an order for the payment of arrears of rent when the landlord made the previous application described in paragraph 1 of subsection (1).

    2. A settlement mediated under section 194 or order made with respect to the previous application requires the tenant to pay rent or some or all of the arrears of rent.

2006, c. 17, s. 78 (3).


Affidavit

(4) If the landlord makes a request under subsection (3), the affidavit included with the application under subsection (2) must also provide the following information:

    1. The amount of any additional arrears of rent arising after the date of the settlement or order.

    2. The amount of NSF cheque charges, if any, claimed by the landlord that were charged by financial institutions after the date of the settlement or order in respect of cheques tendered to the landlord by or on behalf of the tenant, to the extent the landlord has not been reimbursed for the charges.

    3. The amount of NSF administration charges, if any, claimed by the landlord in respect of NSF cheques tendered by or on behalf of the tenant after the date of the settlement or order, to the extent the landlord has not been reimbursed for the charges.

    4. If a settlement was mediated under section 194 with respect to the previous application,

      i.   the amount and date of each payment made under the terms of the settlement and what the payment was for,

      ii.  the amount of arrears of rent payable to the landlord under the terms of the settlement,

      iii. the amount of NSF cheque charges payable to the landlord under the terms of the settlement,

      iv.  the amount of NSF administration charges payable to the landlord under the terms of the settlement, and

      v.   the amount that the terms of the settlement required the tenant to pay to the landlord as reimbursement for the fee paid by the landlord for the application referred to in paragraph 1 of subsection (1).

    5. The amount of any rent deposit, the date it was given and the last period for which interest was paid on the rent deposit.

2006, c. 17, s. 78 (4).


Time for application

(5) An application under this section shall not be made later than 30 days after a failure of the tenant to meet a condition described in subparagraph 2 i of subsection (1). 2006, c. 17, s. 78 (5).


Order terminating tenancy

(6) If the Board finds that the landlord is entitled to an order under subsection (1), the Board may make an order terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant. 2006, c. 17, s. 78 (6).


Order for arrears

(7) If an order is made under subsection (6) and the landlord makes a request under subsection (3), the Board may order the payment of the following amounts:

    1. The amount of any compensation payable under section 86.

    2. The amount of arrears of rent that arose after the date of the settlement or order referred to in paragraph 2 of subsection (3).

    3. Such amount as the Board may allow in respect of NSF cheque charges claimed by the landlord that were charged by financial institutions, after the date of the settlement or order referred to in paragraph 2 of subsection (3), in respect of cheques tendered by or on behalf of the tenant and for which the landlord has not been reimbursed.

    4. Such amount as the Board may allow in respect of NSF administration charges claimed by the landlord that were incurred after the date of the settlement or order referred to in paragraph 2 of subsection (3) in respect of NSF cheques tendered by or on behalf of the tenant and for which the landlord has not been reimbursed, not exceeding the amount per cheque that is prescribed as a specified amount exempt from the operation of section 134.

    5. If a settlement was mediated under section 194 with respect to the previous application,

      i.   the amount of arrears of rent payable under the terms of the settlement that has not been paid,

      ii.  the amount payable under the terms of the settlement in respect of NSF cheque charges that were charged by financial institutions in respect of cheques tendered by or on behalf of the tenant and for which the landlord has not been reimbursed,

      iii. the amount payable under the terms of the settlement in respect of NSF administration charges for which the landlord has not been reimbursed, not exceeding the amount per cheque that is prescribed as a specified amount exempt from the operation of section 134, and

      iv.  the amount payable under the terms of the settlement as reimbursement for the fee paid by the landlord for the previous application, to the extent that the amount payable did not exceed that fee and to the extent that the amount payable has not been paid.

2006, c. 17, s. 78 (7).


Credit for rent deposit

(8) In determining the amount payable by the tenant to the landlord, the Board shall ensure that the tenant is credited with the amount of any rent deposit and interest on the deposit that would be owing to the tenant on the termination of the tenancy. 2006, c. 17, s. 78 (8).


Motion to set aside order

(9) The respondent may make a motion to the Board, on notice to the applicant, to have an order under subsection (6), and any order made under subsection (7), set aside within 10 days after the order made under subsection (6) is issued. 2006, c. 17, s. 78 (9).


Motion stays order

(10) An order under subsection (6) or (7) is stayed when a motion to have the order set aside is received by the Board and shall not be enforced under this Act or as an order of the Superior Court of Justice during the stay. 2006, c. 17, s. 78 (10).


Order of Board

(11) If the respondent makes a motion under subsection (9), the Board shall, after a hearing,

    (a) make an order setting aside the order under subsection (6), and any order made under subsection (7), if any of the criteria set out in subsection (1) are not satisfied;

    (b) make an order setting aside the order under subsection (6), and any order made under subsection (7), if the Board is satisfied, having regard to all the circumstances, that it would not be unfair to set aside the order under subsection (6); or

    (c) make an order lifting the stay of the order under subsection (6), and any order made under subsection (7), effective immediately or on a future date specified in the order.

2006, c. 17, s. 78 (11).


Abandonment of rental unit

79. If a landlord believes that a tenant has abandoned a rental unit, the landlord may apply to the Board for an order terminating the tenancy. 2006, c. 17, s. 79.



Eviction Orders

Effective date of order

80. (1) If a notice of termination of a tenancy has been given and the landlord has subsequently applied to the Board for an order evicting the tenant, the order of the Board evicting the tenant may not be effective earlier than the date of termination set out in the notice. 2006, c. 17, s. 80 (1).


Exception, notice under s. 63 or 66

(2) Despite subsection (1), an order evicting a tenant may provide that it is effective on a date specified in the order that is earlier than the date of termination set out in the notice of termination if,

    (a) the order is made on an application under section 69 based on a notice of termination under clause 63 (1) (a) and the Board determines that the damage caused was significantly greater than the damage that was required by that clause in order to give the notice of termination; or

    (b) the order is made on an application under section 69 based on a notice of termination under clause 63(1) (b) or subsection 66 (1).

2006, c. 17, s. 80 (2).


Expiry date of order

81. An order of the Board evicting a person from a rental unit expires six months after the day on which the order takes effect if it is not filed within those six months with the sheriff who has territorial jurisdiction where the rental unit is located. 2006, c. 17, s.81.


Tenant issues in application for non-payment of rent

82. (1) At a hearing of an application by a landlord under section 69 for an order terminating a tenancy and evicting a tenant based on a notice of termination under section 59, the Board shall permit the tenant to raise any issue that could be the subject of an application made by the tenant under this Act. 2006, c. 17, s. 82 (1).


Orders

(2) If a tenant raises an issue under subsection (1), the Board may make any order in respect of the issue that it could have made had the tenant made an application under this Act. 2006, c. 17, s. 82 (2).


Power of Board, eviction

83. (1) Upon an application for an order evicting a tenant, the Board may, despite any other provision of this Act or the tenancy agreement,

    (a) refuse to grant the application unless satisfied, having regard to all the circumstances, that it would be unfair to refuse; or

    (b) order that the enforcement of the eviction order be postponed for a period of time.

2006, c. 17, s. 83 (1).


Mandatory review

(2) If a hearing is held, the Board shall not grant the application unless it has reviewed the circumstances and considered whether or not it should exercise its powers under subsection (1). 2006, c. 17, s. 83 (2).


Circumstances where refusal required

(3) Without restricting the generality of subsection (1), the Board shall refuse to grant the application where satisfied that,

    (a) the landlord is in serious breach of the landlordís responsibilities under this Act or of any material covenant in the tenancy agreement;

    (b) the reason for the application being brought is that the tenant has complained to a governmental authority of the landlordís violation of a law dealing with health, safety, housing or maintenance standards;

    (c) the reason for the application being brought is that the tenant has attempted to secure or enforce his or her legal rights;

    (d) the reason for the application being brought is that the tenant is a member of a tenantsí association or is attempting to organize such an association; or

    (e) the reason for the application being brought is that the rental unit is occupied by children and the occupation by the children does not constitute overcrowding.

2006, c. 17, s. 83 (3).


No eviction before compensation, demolition or conversion

(4) The Board shall not issue an eviction order in a proceeding regarding termination of a tenancy for the purposes of demolition, conversion to non-residential rental use, renovations or repairs until the landlord has complied with section 52, 54 or 55, as the case may be. 2006, c. 17, s. 83 (4).


No eviction before compensation, repair or renovation

(5) If a tenant has given a landlord notice under subsection 53 (2) and subsection 54 (2) applies, the Board shall not issue an eviction order in a proceeding regarding termination of the tenancy until the landlord has compensated the tenant in accordance with subsection 54 (2). 2006, c. 17, s. 83 (5).


Expedited eviction order

84. Subject to clause 83 (1) (b), the Board shall, in an order made under section 69 based on a notice given under subsection 61 (1) that involves an illegal act, trade, business or occupation described in clause 61 (2) (a) or based on a notice given under section 63, 65 or 66, request that the sheriff expedite the enforcement of the order. 2006, c. 17, s. 84.


Effect of eviction order

85. An order evicting a person shall have the same effect, and shall be enforced in the same manner, as a writ of possession. 2006, c. 17, s. 85.



Compensation for Landlord

Compensation, unit not vacated

86. A landlord is entitled to compensation for the use and occupation of a rental unit by a tenant who does not vacate the unit after his or her tenancy is terminated by order, notice or agreement. 2006, c. 17, s. 86.


Application

87. (1) A landlord may apply to the Board for an order for the payment of arrears of rent if,

    (a) the tenant has not paid rent lawfully required under the tenancy agreement; and

    (b) the tenant is in possession of the rental unit.

2006, c. 17, s. 87 (1).


Tenant issues

(2) Section 82 applies, with necessary modifications, to an application under subsection (1).† 2006, c. 17, s. 87 (2).


Compensation, overholding tenant

(3) If a tenant is in possession of a rental unit after the tenancy has been terminated, the landlord may apply to the Board for an order for the payment of compensation for the use and occupation of a rental unit after a notice of termination or an agreement to terminate the tenancy has taken effect. 2006, c. 17, s. 87 (3).


Amount of arrears of rent or compensation

(4) In determining the amount of arrears of rent, compensation or both owing in an order for termination of a tenancy and the payment of arrears of rent, compensation or both, the Board shall subtract from the amount owing the amount of any rent deposit or interest on a rent deposit that would be owing to the tenant on termination. 2006, c. 17, s. 87 (4).


NSF cheque charges

(5) On an application by a landlord under this section, the Board may include the following amounts in determining the total amount owing to a landlord by a tenant in respect of a rental unit:

    1. The amount of NSF cheque charges claimed by the landlord and charged by financial institutions in respect of cheques tendered to the landlord by or on behalf of the tenant, to the extent the landlord has not been reimbursed for the charges.

    2. The amount of unpaid administration charges in respect of the NSF cheques, if claimed by the landlord, that do not exceed the amount per cheque that is prescribed as a specified payment exempt from the operation of section 134.

2006, c. 17, s. 87 (5).


Arrears of rent when tenant abandons or vacates without notice

88. (1) If a tenant abandons or vacates a rental unit without giving notice of termination in accordance with this Act and no agreement to terminate has been made or the landlord has not given notice to terminate the tenancy, a determination of the amount of arrears of rent owing by the tenant shall be made in accordance with the following rules:

    1. If the tenant vacated the rental unit after giving notice that was not in accordance with this Act, arrears of rent are owing for the period that ends on the earliest termination date that could have been specified in the notice, had the notice been given in accordance with section 47, 96 or 145, as the case may be.

    2. If the tenant abandoned or vacated the rental unit without giving any notice, arrears of rent are owing for the period that ends on the earliest termination date that could have been specified in a notice of termination had the tenant, on the date that the landlord knew or ought to have known that the tenant had abandoned or vacated the rental unit, given notice of termination in accordance with section 47, 96 or 145, as the case may be.

2006, c. 17, s. 88 (1).


Where landlord has given notice under s.48, 49 or 50

(2) If a notice of termination has been given by the landlord under section 48, 49 or 50 and the tenant vacates the rental unit before the termination date set out in the notice without giving a notice of earlier termination or after giving a notice of earlier termination that is not in accordance with subsection 48 (3), 49 (4) or 50 (4), as the case may be, a determination of the amount of arrears of rent owing by the tenant shall be made as if arrears of rent are owing for the period that ends on the earlier of the following dates:

    1. The date that is 10 days after,

      i.  the date the tenant gave notice of earlier termination, if the tenant vacated the rental unit after giving a notice of earlier termination that was not in accordance with subsection 48 (3), 49 (4) or 50 (4), as the case may be, or

      ii. the date the landlord knew or ought to have known that the tenant had vacated the rental unit, if the tenant vacated the rental unit without giving a notice of earlier termination.

    2. The termination date set out in the landlordís notice of termination.

2006, c. 17, s. 88 (2).


New tenancy

(3) Despite subsections (1) and (2), if the landlord enters into a new tenancy agreement with a new tenant with respect to the rental unit, the tenant who abandoned or vacated the rental unit is not liable to pay an amount of arrears of rent that exceeds the lesser of the following amounts:

    1. The amount of arrears of rent determined under subsection (1) or (2).

    2. The amount of arrears of rent owing for the period that ends on the date the new tenant is entitled to occupy the rental unit.

2006, c. 17, s. 88 (3).


Minimization of losses

(4) In determining the amount of arrears of rent owing under subsections (1), (2) and (3), consideration shall be given to whether or not the landlord has taken reasonable steps to minimize losses in accordance with section 16. 2006, c. 17, s. 88 (4).


Compensation for damage

89. (1) A landlord may apply to the Board for an order requiring a tenant to pay reasonable costs that the landlord has incurred or will incur for the repair of or, where repairing is not reasonable, the replacement of damaged property, if the tenant, another occupant of the rental unit or a person whom the tenant permits in the residential complex wilfully or negligently causes undue damage to the rental unit or the residential complex and the tenant is in possession of the rental unit. 2006, c. 17, s. 89 (1).


Same

(2) If the Board makes an order requiring payment under subsection (1) and for the termination of the tenancy, the Board shall set off against the amount required to be paid the amount of any rent deposit or interest on a rent deposit that would be owing to the tenant on termination. 2006, c. 17, s. 89 (2).


Compensation, misrepresentation of income

90. If a landlord has a right to give a notice of termination under section 60, the landlord may apply to the Board for an order for the payment of money the tenant would have been required to pay if the tenant had not misrepresented his or her income or that of other members of his or her family, so long as the application is made while the tenant is in possession of the rental unit. 2006, c. 17, s. 90.



Death of Tenant

Death of tenant

91. (1) If a tenant of a rental unit dies and there are no other tenants of the rental unit, the tenancy shall be deemed to be terminated 30 days after the death of the tenant. 2006, c. 17, s. 91 (1).


Reasonable access

(2) The landlord shall, until the tenancy is terminated under subsection (1),

    (a) preserve any property of a tenant who has died that is in the rental unit or the residential complex other than property that is unsafe or unhygienic; and

    (b) afford the executor or administrator of the tenantís estate, or if there is no executor or administrator, a member of the tenantís family reasonable access to the rental unit and the residential complex for the purpose of removing the tenantís property.

2006, c. 17, s. 91 (2).


Landlord may dispose of property

92. (1) The landlord may sell, retain for the landlordís own use or otherwise dispose of property of a tenant who has died that is in a rental unit and in the residential complex in which the rental unit is located,

    (a) if the property is unsafe or unhygienic, immediately; and

    (b) otherwise, after the tenancy is terminated under section 91.

2006, c. 17, s. 92 (1).


Same

(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), a landlord is not liable to any person for selling, retaining or otherwise disposing of the property of a tenant in accordance with subsection (1). 2006, c. 17, s. 92 (2).


Same

(3) If, within six months after the tenant's death, the executor or administrator of the estate of the tenant or, if there is no executor or administrator, a member of the tenant's family claims any property of the tenant that the landlord has sold, the landlord shall pay to the estate the amount by which the proceeds of sale exceed the sum of,

    (a) the landlord's reasonable out-of-pocket expenses for moving, storing, securing or selling the property; and

    (b) any arrears of rent.

2006, c. 17, s. 92 (3).


Same

(4) If, within the six-month period after the tenant's death, the executor or administrator of the estate of the tenant or, if there is no executor or administrator, a member of the tenantís family claims any property of the tenant that the landlord has retained for the landlordís own use, the landlord shall return the property to the tenant's estate. 2006, c. 17, s. 92 (4).


Agreement

(5) A landlord and the executor or administrator of a deceased tenant's estate may agree to terms other than those set out in this section with regard to the termination of the tenancy and disposal of the tenant's property. 2006, c. 17, s. 95 (5).



Superintendent's Premises

Termination of tenancy

93. (1) If a landlord has entered into a tenancy agreement with respect to a superintendentís premises, unless otherwise agreed, the tenancy terminates on the day on which the employment of the tenant is terminated. 2006, c. 17, s.93 (1).


Same

(2) A tenant shall vacate a superintendent's premises within one week after his or her tenancy is terminated. 2006, c. 17, s. 93 (2).


No rent charged for week

(3) A landlord shall not charge a tenant rent or compensation or receive rent or compensation from a tenant with respect to the one-week period mentioned in subsection (2). 2006, c. 17, s. 93 (3).


Application to Board

94. The landlord may apply to the Board for an order terminating the tenancy of a tenant of superintendent's premises and evicting the tenant if the tenant does not vacate the rental unit within one week of the termination of his or her employment.† 2006, c. 17, s. 94.



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