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Residential Tenancies Act
Part VI


Assignment, Subletting and Unauthorized Occupancy


Assignment of tenancy

95. (1) Subject to subsections (2), (3) and (6), and with the consent of the landlord, a tenant may assign a rental unit to another person. 2006, c. 17, s. 95 (1).


Landlord's options, general request

(2) If a tenant asks a landlord to consent to an assignment of a rental unit, the landlord may,

    (a) consent to the assignment of the rental unit; or

    (b) refuse consent to the assignment of the rental unit.

2006, c. 17, s. 95 (2).


Landlord's options, specific request

(3) If a tenant asks a landlord to consent to the assignment of the rental unit to a potential assignee, the landlord may,

    (a) consent to the assignment of the rental unit to the potential assignee;

    (b) refuse consent to the assignment of the rental unit to the potential assignee; or

    (c) refuse consent to the assignment of the rental unit.

2006, c. 17, s. 95 (3).


Refusal or non-response

(4) A tenant may give the landlord a notice of termination under section 96 within 30 days after the date a request is made if,

    (a) the tenant asks the landlord to consent to an assignment of the rental unit and the landlord refuses consent;

    (b) the tenant asks the landlord to consent to an assignment of the rental unit and the landlord does not respond within seven days after the request is made;

    (c) the tenant asks the landlord to consent to an assignment of the rental unit to a potential assignee and the landlord refuses consent to the assignment under clause (3) (c); or

    (d) the tenant asks the landlord to consent to an assignment of the rental unit to a potential assignee and the landlord does not respond within seven days after the request is made.

2006, c. 17, s. 95 (4).


Same

(5) A landlord shall not arbitrarily or unreasonably refuse consent to an assignment of a rental unit to a potential assignee under clause (3) (b). 2006, c. 17, s.95 (5).


Same

(6) Subject to subsection (5), a landlord who has given consent to an assignment of a rental unit under clause (2) (a) may subsequently refuse consent to an assignment of the rental unit to a potential assignee under clause (3) (b). 2006, c. 17, s. 95 (6).


Charges

(7) A landlord may charge a tenant only for the landlord's reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred in giving consent to an assignment to a potential assignee. 2006, c. 17, s. 95 (7).


Consequences of assignment

(8) If a tenant has assigned a rental unit to another person, the tenancy agreement continues to apply on the same terms and conditions and,

    (a) the assignee is liable to the landlord for any breach of the tenantís obligations and may enforce against the landlord any of the landlordís obligations under the tenancy agreement or this Act, if the breach or obligation relates to the period after the assignment, whether or not the breach or obligation also related to a period before the assignment;

    (b) the former tenant is liable to the landlord for any breach of the tenantís obligations and may enforce against the landlord any of the landlordís obligations under the tenancy agreement or this Act, if the breach or obligation relates to the period before the assignment;

    (c) if the former tenant has started a proceeding under this Act before the assignment and the benefits or obligations of the new tenant may be affected, the new tenant may join in or continue the proceeding.

2006, c. 17, s. 95 (8).


Application of section

(9) This section applies with respect to all tenants, regardless of whether their tenancies are periodic, fixed, contractual or statutory, but does not apply with respect to a tenant of superintendent's premises.† 2006, c. 17, s. 95 (9).


Tenant's notice to terminate, refusal of assignment

96. (1) A tenant may give notice of termination of a tenancy if the circumstances set out in subsection 95 (4) apply. 2006, c. 17, s. 96 (1).


Same

(2) The date for termination specified in the notice shall be at least a number of days after the date of the notice that is the lesser of the notice period otherwise required under this Act and 30 days. 2006, c. 17, s.96 (2).


Subletting rental unit

97. (1) A tenant may sublet a rental unit to another person with the consent of the landlord. 2006, c. 17, s. 97 (1).


Same

(2) A landlord shall not arbitrarily or unreasonably withhold consent to the sublet of a rental unit to a potential subtenant. 2006, c. 17, s. 97 (2).


Charges

(3) A landlord may charge a tenant only for the landlord's reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred in giving consent to a subletting. 2006, c. 17, s. 97 (3).


Consequences of subletting

(4) If a tenant has sublet a rental unit to another person,

    (a) the tenant remains entitled to the benefits, and is liable to the landlord for the breaches, of the tenant's obligations under the tenancy agreement or this Act during the subtenancy; and

    (b) the subtenant is entitled to the benefits, and is liable to the tenant for the breaches, of the subtenant's obligations under the subletting agreement or this Act during the subtenancy.

2006, c. 17, s. 97 (4).


Overholding subtenant

(5) A subtenant has no right to occupy the rental unit after the end of the subtenancy. 2006, c. 17, s. 97 (5).


Application of section

(6) This section applies with respect to all tenants, regardless of whether their tenancies are periodic, fixed, contractual or statutory, but does not apply with respect to a tenant of superintendent's premises. 2006, c. 17, s. 97 (6).


Tenant application

98. (1) A tenant or former tenant of a rental unit may apply to the Board for an order determining that the landlord has arbitrarily or unreasonably withheld consent to the assignment or sublet of a rental unit to a potential assignee or subtenant. 2006, c. 17, s. 98 (1).


Time limitation

(2) No application may be made under subsection (1) more than one year after the day the alleged conduct giving rise to the application occurred. 2006, c. 17, s. 98 (2).


Order re assignment, sublet

(3) If the Board determines that a landlord has unlawfully withheld consent to an assignment or sublet in an application under subsection (1), the Board may do one or more of the following:

    1. Order that the assignment or sublet is authorized.

    2. Where appropriate, by order authorize another assignment or sublet proposed by the tenant.

    3. Order that the tenancy be terminated.

    4. Order an abatement of the tenantís or former tenantís rent.

2006, c. 17, s. 98 (3).


Same

(4) The Board may establish terms and conditions of the assignment or sublet. 2006, c. 17, s. 98 (4).


Same

(5) If an order is made under paragraph 1 or 2 of subsection (3), the assignment or sublet shall have the same legal effect as if the landlord had consented to it. 2006, c. 17, s. 98 (5).


Eviction with termination order

(6) If an order is made terminating a tenancy under paragraph 3 of subsection (3), the Board may order that the tenant be evicted, effective not earlier than the termination date specified in the order. 2006, c. 17, s.98 (6).


Tenant's notice, application re subtenant

99. The following provisions apply, with necessary modifications, with respect to a tenant who has sublet a rental unit, as if the tenant were the landlord and the subtenant were the tenant:

    1. Sections 59 to 69, 87, 89 and 148.

    2. The provisions of this Act that relate to applications to the Board under sections 69, 87, 89 and 148.

2006, c. 17, s. 99.


Unauthorized occupancy

100. (1) If a tenant transfers the occupancy of a rental unit to a person in a manner other than by an assignment authorized under section 95 or a subletting authorized under section 97, the landlord may apply to the Board for an order terminating the tenancy and evicting the tenant and the person to whom occupancy of the rental unit was transferred. 2006, c. 17, s. 100 (1).


Time limitation

(2) An application under subsection (1) must be made no later than 60 days after the landlord discovers the unauthorized occupancy. 2006, c. 17, s. 100 (2).


Compensation

(3) A landlord who makes an application under subsection (1) may also apply to the Board for an order for the payment of compensation by the unauthorized occupant for the use and occupation of the rental unit, if the unauthorized occupant is in possession of the rental unit at the time the application is made. 2006, c. 17, s. 100 (3).


Application of s. 87 (5)

(4) Subsection 87 (5) applies, with necessary modifications, to an application under subsection (3). 2006, c. 17, s. 100 (4).


Overholding subtenant

101. (1) If a subtenant continues to occupy a rental unit after the end of the subtenancy, the landlord or the tenant may apply to the Board for an order evicting the subtenant. 2006, c. 17, s.101 (1).


Time limitation

(2) An application under this section must be made within 60 days after the end of the subtenancy. 2006, c. 17, s. 101 (2).


Compensation, overholding subtenant

102. A tenant may apply to the Board for an order for compensation for use and occupation by an overholding subtenant after the end of the subtenancy if the overholding subtenant is in possession of the rental unit at the time of the application. 2006, c. 17, s. 102.


Compensation, unauthorized occupant

103. (1) A landlord is entitled to compensation for the use and occupation of a rental unit by an unauthorized occupant of the unit. 2006, c. 17, s. 103 (1).


Effect of payment

(2) A landlord does not create a tenancy with an unauthorized occupant of a rental unit by accepting compensation for the use and occupation of the rental unit, unless the landlord and unauthorized occupant agree otherwise. 2006, c. 17, s. 103 (2).



Miscellaneous new tenancy agreements

Assignment without consent

104. (1) If a person occupies a rental unit as a result of an assignment of the unit without the consent of the landlord, the landlord may negotiate a new tenancy agreement with the person. 2006, c. 17, s. 104 (1).


Overholding subtenant

(2) If a subtenant continues to occupy a rental unit after the end of the subtenancy and the tenant has abandoned the rental unit, the landlord may negotiate a new tenancy agreement with the subtenant. 2006, c. 17, s. 104 (2).


Lawful rent

(3) Sections 113 and 114 apply to tenancy agreements entered into under subsection (1) or (2) if they are entered into no later than 60 days after the landlord discovers the unauthorized occupancy. 2006, c. 17, s. 104 (3).


Deemed assignment

(4) A person's occupation of a rental unit shall be deemed to be an assignment of the rental unit with the consent of the landlord as of the date the unauthorized occupancy began if,

    (a) a tenancy agreement is not entered into under subsection (1) or (2) within the period set out in subsection (3);

    (b) the landlord does not apply to the Board under section 100 for an order evicting the person within 60 days of the landlord discovering the unauthorized occupancy; and

    (c) neither the landlord nor the tenant applies to the Board under section 101 within 60 days after the end of the subtenancy for an order evicting the subtenant.

2006, c. 17, s. 104 (4).



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