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Housing statistics, studies and reports:

Renters Rights, housing information and poverty research for Ontario, Canada


Ontario Hydro Electricity Survey, a tenant survey of heating, electricity and energy conservation by Ontario Tenants' Rights, March 9, 2016.

The Precarity Penalty - Executive Summary (3.6 Mb Adobe file), (The impact of employment precarity on individuals, households and communities—and what to do about it), United Way Toronto & McMaster University, May 2015, The Precarity Penalty - Full Report (7.1 Mb Adobe file)

Built to Last: Strengthening the Foundations of Housing in Canada, Federation of Canadian Municipalities, May 2015

2014 Progress Report on Ending Homelessness in Ottawa, Alliance to End Homelessness Ottawa, 2015; and
La version française

Report on Housing & Homelessness in the City of Kingston and County of Frontenac, City of Kingson, 2012

Canada's Housing Bubble, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, August 31, 2010

The Problem of Poverty Post-Recession , Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, August 17, 2010

The Role of Race and Gender in Ontario's Racialized Income Gap, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, June 3, 2010

The Income Gap Between Aboriginal Peoples and the Rest of Canada, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, April 8, 2010

In From the Margins: A Call to Action on Poverty, Housing and Homelessness, Senate of Canada, December 8, 2009

Income Disparities in Adult Health 1991-2001, Statistics Canada, November 2009

Toronto's Vital Signs 2009: Toronto Highly Desirable, but seriously unaffordable, Toronto Community Foundation, October 6, 2009

Canada's Shrunken Safety Net: Employment Insurance in the Great Recession, Caledonia Institute of Social Policy, April 2009

Paved with Good Intentions: The Failure of Passive Disability Policy in Canada, Caledonia Institue of Social Policy, April 2009

Where's Home? A Picture of Housing Needs in Ontario, (2008), Cooperative Housing Federation Canada & ONPHA, March 2, 2009

Huge Inconsistencies in Price and Accessibility of Healthy Food Across Canada, Canadian Heart and Stroke Foundation, February, 2009

Costs of Dropping out of High School in Canada, Canadian Council on Learning, January 3, 2009

Beyond GDP: The Need for New Measures of Progress, Boston University, January, 2009 (1Mb PDF Adobe file)

Why Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp, Rent Statistics for Ontario are inherently inaccurate,, a press release from this web site, December 12, 2008

Your Community In Profile, Economic, Social and Demographic trends for 16 Regions, Ontario Trillium Foundation, December 4, 2008

A Living Wage for Toronto, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, November 18, 2008

Ontarians Waiting for Leadership on Poverty Reduction, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, November 8, 2008, (314k pdf)

The Cost of Poverty, Ontario Association of Food Banks, November 2008

Low Income in Canada: 2000-2006 Using the Market Basket Measure, Human Resources and Social Development Canada, October 2008

Growing Unequal? Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries , Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD,) October 28, 2008
and Income Distribution and Poverty in Canada, (250 kb Adobe pdf file).

Work Isn’t Working for Ontario Families, Campaign 2000, May 12, 2008.

Canadian Press Interactive 2006 Census Earnings and Income Statistics, CP, May 1, 2008.

Earnings and Incomes of Canadians Over the Past Quarter Century, Statistics Canada, May 1, 2008.

Ontario Poised to Collect Equalization in 2010-11, TD Bank Financial, April 29, 2008.

A Quarter Century of Economic Inequality in Canada, 1981-2006, by Lars Osberg, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, April, 28, 2008.

Beyond Usury: A Study of Credit Card Use and Preference Among Low-Income Consumers, by Angela K. Littwin, February 2008

Indicators of Well-being in Canada, a web site resource from Human Resources and Social Development Canada

Solving Poverty, National Council of Welfare, Winter 2007

October 2007, Rental Market Survey, from Canada Mortgage and Housing (CMHC,) released December 13, 2007

The Three Cities Within Toronto, Income Polarization among Toronto Neighbourhoods 1970-2000, by David Hulchanski, December, 2007

A Safer Haven: Innovations for Improving Social Housing in Canada, by Nathalie Pierre, Canadian Policy Research Networks, December 6, 2007.

Why is it so tough to get ahead? How our tangled social programs pathologize the transition to self-reliance., by the Metcalf Foundation, December 5, 2007

Babies and Bosses - Reconciling Work and Family Life, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, November 29, 2007.

Losing Ground, The persistent growth of family poverty in Canada's largest city, United Way, November 2007.

2007 Report Card on Child and Family Poverty in Canada, Campaign 2000, November 26, 2007.

Ontario Hunger Report, 2007, Ontario Association of Food Banks, November, 2007.

Housing Opportunities Toronto, An Affordable Housing Framework, City of Toronto, October 2007.

The Street Health Report, by Street Health, Toronto, September 2007.

Summoned to Stewardship: Make Poverty Reduction a Collective Legacy, Campaign 2000, September 11, 2007.

Fair Play for Housing Rights, Mega-events Olympic Games and Housing Rights, Centre on Housing Rights and Eviction, (a 2.8Meg PDF file,) June 2007, and their Fact Sheet.

Ontario's Income Gap at an All Time High, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, May 7, 2007.

The Rich and the Rest of Us, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, March 1, 2007

Poverty in Thunder Bay: A Statistical Reference, by the Thunder Bay Economic Justice Committee, August 2006

Effective Practices in Sheltering Women: Leaving Violence in Intimate Relationships, YMCA, 2006.

Where’s Home? A Picture of Housing Needs in Ontario (2005), Ontario Non-Profit Housing Association, September 12, 2005

From Welfare to Work in Ontario: Still the Road Less Travelled, TD Bank, September 8, 2005

Canada: Divided And Distracted the Canada page written by the Canadian Centre For Policy Alternatives, from the annual poverty report by Social Watch, this page from August 19 2005

Subsidy Cost of Non-Profit and Private Market Units Rent Supplements City of Ottawa, Housing Branch, May 2005.

The Matthews Report:, Moving Towards Real Income Security, Income Security Advocacy Centre, May 2005

Boxed In: The Affordable Housing Crisis in Hastings County, an April 2005, study of Belleville and the surround region. A fairly large 139 page report

Rituals of Degradation: Administration as Policy in the Ontario Works ProgramHerd, D., Mitchell, A. and Lightman, E., February 2005

Rethinking the Housing Affordability Challenge, Professor J. David Hulchanski, January 2005

Housing is Good Social Policy, by Tom Carter, Chesya Polevychok, Canadian Policy Research Network, December 3, 2004

Incomes, Shelters and Necessities, a Federation of Canadian Municipalities report Quality of Life in Canadian Communities report, released on November 17, 2004. It is a 1.5Megabyte Adobe PDF file. (Typically a 7 minute download for those with dialup Internet connections.) The Backgrounder on this reports, explains the ever rising housing costs and the inadequacies of the exisiting Social Safety net to meeting these rising rents.

Rising Food Bank use Linked to Tenant Protection Act, by the Daily Bread Food Bank, November 2, 2004. It is a 145k Adobe PDF file.

Room for Rent, Outlook For Canada’s Rental Housing Market,TD Bank, October 20, 2004

New Ontario Rental Housing Vacancy and Average Rent Statistics and their meaning - December 2, 2003
An analysis of the CMHC Rental Housing Market report for Ontario, and in particular the metropolitan areas of Toronto, Ottawa, Hamilton, London and Kitchener, and what is wrong with it's claims of falling rents.

What Ontario Tenants Want in Housing Policy: A New Landlord and Tenant Act, September 15, 2003.

Affordable Housing In Canada: A Search of a New Paradigm, TD Bank, June 17, 2003

Obstacles to Securing and Maintaining Housing for Recipients of Ontario Works and the Ontario Disability Support Program Social Planning Council of Ottawa, March 2003

A Study of Tenant Exits from Housing for Homeless People, by Uzo Anucha, for CMHC, February 2003

Ontario Tenants' Most Asked Questions and their Answers a guide to Ontario Landlord and Tenant law and renters rights.

Ontario Tenant Resources. A general summary of the situation for tenants and a listing of Legal Aid Ontario community legal clinics handling tenant cases throughout Ontario.

The (Ontario) Tenant Protection Act - An Attack on Tenants;
A report I wrote in 1998, that analyzed the law more than 2 months before it came into effect, what changes it made in tenant law and what impacts it would have on people. It was presented outside of a property managers conference that included seminars on how to maximize tenants' rents. With rapidly rising rents with tenants be left with the decision to pay the rent or feed the kids?

Risk of Death Among Homeless Women, Canadian Medical Association Journal, April 13, 2004

Can Canada Afford to Help Cities, Provide Social Housing, and End Homelessness? Why Are Provincial Governments Doing So Little? July 2002, By Professor David Hulchanski, Centre for Urban and Community Studies, University of Toronto

The Advocacy Centre for Tenants Ontario (ACT-O) is a new specialty Legal Aid Ontario legal clinic only working on precedent setting cases and research on tenant issues. They do excellent work.
Executive Summary of the ACT-O, June 20, 2002 report to the Ombudsman of Ontario.
The Full Report of what is wrong with Ontario's Tenant Protection Act and the Ontario Rental Housing Tribunal.
Ontario Tenants Quick Facts by the Advocacy Centre for Tenants Ontario

Profiting from a manufactured housing crisis, by Michael Shapcott, released by the Candian Centre for Policy Alternatives, June 11, 2002. Download the Adobe Acrobat file
Read the highlights of this report
Read the news release

Women and Housing in Canada: Barriers to Equality March 2002, by the Centre for Equality Rights in Accomodations

Housing Affordability in Ontario: Anatomy of a Crisis, Professor J. David Hulchanski, February 2002

Residential Tenancies Act Statutes of Ontario 2006, (came into effect January 31, 2007)

Where's Home a 2000 report on Housing needs in Ontario

The Differential Effect of Income Criteria on Access to Rental Housing. How it affects access to accommodation on the basis of age and race. A July 2000 report by Professor Michael Ornstein, York University.

Reasons for Rental Arrears Survey Report, Metro Tenants Legal Sevices June 1994. Why people can't pay the rent and get evicted.

Poverty Profile 1999, Released July 29, 2002, by the National Council on Welfare
The National Council of Welfare (NCW) is a citizens' advisory body to the Minister of Human Resources Development Canada on matters of concern to low-income Canadians.

On Her Own: Young Women and Homelessness in Canada, Canadian Housing And Renewal Association, March 2002.

Common Occurrence: The Impact of Homelessness on Women's Health
Phase II: Community Based Action Research - Final Report Executive Summary
Copies of the full report are available at a cost of $20.00 through:
Sistering, 523 College Street, Toronto, ON M6G 1A8, 416-926-9762, www.sistering.org

Why income discrimation as permitted under the Tenant "Protection" Act is unfair and unreasonable, and its effects of women, men, single-parent families, citizens versus non-citizens and by other criteria.
Deputation before the Ontario government by Professor Michael Ornstein, York University, June 1997

The worsening financial situation for tenants. A report in Microsoft Word format.
A Tale of of Two Canadas - Homeowners Getting Richer, Renters Getting Poorer, by UofT Professor, David Hulchanski

Made in Ontario Housing Crisis, by Michael Shapcott (in Adobe pdf format)

You need to link to the report from the bottom of the following page to get there. This 54 page report is in Adobe format so you need the adobe reader and can expect this to take a bit of time to load up in your system.
Newcomer's Guide to Canadian Housing - a report by CMHC

Discrimination in Ontario's Rental Housing Market: The Role of Minimum Income Criteria (1994) by Professor David Huchanski. (78 page Adobe PDF file)

Daily Bread Food Bank's report (Adobe pdf format): No Money, No Food Food Recipients' Incomes Decline as Food Bank Need Grows, Spring 2002

Daily Bread Food Bank's report (Adobe pdf format): Sacrificing Food For Shelter: How the Ontario Government Forces Poor People Into Food Banks

Daily Bread Food Bank's report (Adobe pdf format): Who's Hungry Now? Food Recipient Profile for 1995, 2000, 2001

Daily Bread Food Bank's report (Adobe pdf format): How Do They Cope? How Food Recipients Deal With Poverty

Daily Bread Food Bank's report (Adobe pdf format): Seniors Losing Ground In the Poverty Battle

United Way of Greater Toronto Social Issues Reports

United Way of Great Toronto Poverty By Postal Code

Housing and Population Health, for CMHC, by Dr. Stephen Hwang et al , January 1999

Policy Advice on Improving the Rental Housing Prospects of Immigrants and Refugees in Toronto, Professor David Hulchanski, March 2000

Economics of Rental Housing Supply and Rent Decontrol in Ontario, by Professor David Hulchanski, June 26, 1997

Market Imperfections and the Role of Rent Regulations in the Residential Rental Market, Professor David Hulchanski, December 1984


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